Alabama 14th Infantry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

The 14th AL Infantry Regiment was organized at Auburn on 1 Aug 1861 with men from Montgomery and Auburn and the counties of Chambers, Jackson, Randolph, and Tallapoosa. It went first to Huntsville and remained until October, then to Fredericksburg, Virginia where it arrived in November. It was sent to Richmond to rest after suffering camp diseases, especially measles. Proceeding to Yorktown, it was brigaded under Gen. Roger Pryor of Virginia, Longstreet's Division. The command fell back with the army, and fought at Williamsburg with heavy loss to four of the companies. In April, 1862, it numbered 700 effectives. At Seven Pines, it was again in action, with but few casualties. It participated at Mechanicsville and was almost annihilated at Frazier's Farm and Malvern Hill, losing nearly all the officers, after charging the enemy's positions repeatedly (335 casualties.) It moved toward the Potomac with the army and was engaged with slight loss at the 2nd battle of Manassas (47 casualties). Greatly reduced in strength, the 14th fought at Sharpsburg, suffering severely in casualties. Placed in Cadmus Wilcox' Brigade, Anderson's Division (with the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th Alabama regiments) it was on the line of the Rappahannock during the winter of 1862-63 and was in line of battle on the heights when Burnside was repulsed at Fredericksburg. The regiment was hotly engaged, with heavy loss (151 casualties), at Salem Church (at Chancellorsville). It went on the Pennsylvania campaign to Gettysburg, and of the 316 men engaged, 15% were casualties. The winter of 1863/64 was passed in camp near Orange Court House, and the 14th was engaged at both The Wilderness and Spottsylvania. Now in Sanders' Brigade, Mahone's Division, the 14th participated in the numerous struggles around Petersburg during the last 10 months of the war. It surrendered at Appomattox with only 70-80 present under Capt. Perry of Lowndes (Crute reports 11 officers and 180 men surrendering). The original muster was 1317 names; 250 or more died in battle, 350 died in the service, and 159 were discharged or transferred.

OFFICERS:

Cols. Thomas James Judge (Montgomery; resigned, 10 July 1862); Alfred Campbell Wood (Randolph; wounded and resigned, 3 Oct 1862); Lucius Pinkard (Macon; wounded, Gettysburg, and retired); Lt. Cols. David William Baine (Lowndes; KIA, Frazier's Farm); Lucius Pinkard (promoted); James Andrew Broome (Chambers; wounded, The Wilderness, retired, 25 March 1865); Majors Owen Kenan McLemore (Chambers; promoted colonel, 4th AL Regt); A. C. Wood (promoted); James A. Broome (promoted); Robert A. McCord (Tallapoosa; KIA, Chancellorsville); George W. Taylor (Randolph; wounded, Gettysburg; resigned, 15 Nov 1864); Mickleberry P. Ferrell (resigned, 2 Dec 62); and Adjutants F. G. Fonville (acting); Lucius Pinckard (promoted); S. J. Williamson; and John Manly

ASSIGNMENTS:

BATTLES:

ROSTERS:

Co. "A" (Chambers County)
Co. "B" (Lowndes County)
Co. "C" (Chambers County)
Co. "D" (Chambers County)
Co. "E" (Chambers County)
Co. "F", Billy Gilmer Grays (Chambers County)
Co. "G", Hillabee Blues (Tallapoosa County)
Co. "H", Jackson Avengers (Tallapoosa County)
Co. "I", Hillabee Rifles (Talladega County)
Co. "K", Louina Guards (Randolph County)
Co. "L", Texas invincibles

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Featured Books & CD-ROMS
Historical Sketch and Roster of the Alabama 14th Infantry Regiment
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Confederate Military History - Alabama Volume
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Brief Historical Sketches of Military Organizations Formed in Alabama
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