Alabama 26th Infantry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

    The 26th Alabama Infantry Regiment was formed at Tuscumbia in December, 1861, using the 7-company 3rd AL Infantry Battalion as a nucleus.

    The men were from Walker, Winston, Tuscaloosa, Marion, and Fayette counties. Two companies under Major J.S. Garvin were soon ordered to Fort Donelson and captured in that fight on February 16, 1862. After being exchanged, they joined the regiment in Virginia. It was placed in General Rains' Brigade at Yorktown, then was assigned to Rodes', O'Neal's, and Battle's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 26th was active in many conflicts of the army from Williamsburg to Mine Run . Later it moved to Camp Sumter, Georgia, and for a time guarded prinsoners. During the spring of 1864, the unit was attached to Cantey's Brigade and fought with the Army of Tennessee from Atlanta to Bentonville . This unit totalled 283 men in April, 1862, and reported 32 casualties at Gaines' Mill and 86 at Malvern Hill . It lost 116 at Chancellorsville , and of the 319 engaged at Gettysburg , forty-one percent were disabled. The regiment was badly cut up at Nashville and a very small group surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina in April, 1865

OFFICERS:

    Colonels:

      William Russell Smith (Tuscaloosa; elected to state legislature)
      Edward Asbury O'Neal (wounded, Seven Pines, Boonsboro, Chancellorsville)
    Lt. Colonels:
      John Springer Garvin (Gavin) (Tuscaloosa; wounded, Chancellorsville, Franklin)
      William Henry Hunt (died in service, 20 June 1862
      William C. Reeder (dropped, 3 Nov 1862)
    Majors:
      Raymond Dial Reddin (Fayette; resigned, 4 Dec 1862)
      David F. Bryan (Fayette; dropped, 17 Feb 1865)
    Adjutants:
      D. C. Moses (dropped, 27 March 1862)
      Edmund P. Major
      Samuel H. Moore (Madison)

ASSIGNMENTS:

    Ft. Donelson
    General Gabriel James Rains' Brigade
    Assigned to Rodes', O'Neal's, and Battle's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia

BATTLES:
    Fort Henry, Tenn.
    Fort Donelson February 15, 1862
    Yorktown, Virginia April - May, 1862
    Battle at Dam #1 April 16, 1862
    Fort Donelson February 6-16, 1862
    Williamsburg, Virginia Battle May 5, 1862
    Seven Pines Battle May 31-June 1, 1862
    Seven Days Battle June 25-July 1, 1862
    Gaines Mill
    White Oak Swamp Action June 30, 1862
    Malvern Hill Battle
    Boonesboro (South Mountain) September 14, 1862
    Sharpsburg (Antietam) in Maryland September 17, 1862
    Shephardstown Ford, West Virginia September 20, 1862
    Louden, Faquier and Rappahannock Counties, Virginia Actions October 26-November 10, 1862
    Fredericksburg, Virginia Battle December 12-15, 1862
    Chancellorsville, Virginia Battle May 2-3, 1863
    Gettysburg Battle
    Manassas Gap Retreat July 5-24, 1863
    Kelly's Ford, Virginia Skirmishes July 31-August 1, 1863
    Brandy Station Action August 1, 1863
    Bristoe Station Campaign Battle October 9-22, 1862
    Mine Run Campaign
    Payne's Farm Battles report Nov. 26-Dec. 2, 1862
    Georgia Campaign June 1 - September 8,1864
    New Hope Church Battle June 1, 1864
    Kennesaw Mountain Actions June 20-26, 1864
    Kennesaw Mountain Battle report June 27, 1864
    Nickajack Creek Battle July 2-5, 1864
    Chattahoochie River Battle July 5-17, 1864
    Peachtree Creek Battle report July 20, 1864
    Bald Hill Assault July 22, 1864
    Seige of Atlanta Defensive July 23-Aug. 25, 1864
    Ezra Church Battle report July 28, 1864
    Jonesboro Battle Aug. 31-Sept. 1, 1864
    Northern Georgia & Alabama September 29
    Decauter, Alabama Seige October 26-29, 1864
    Spring Hill, Tennessee Battle November 29, 1864
    Franklin, Tennessee Battle
    Nashville, Tennessee Battle December 15-16, 1864
    Retreat from Tennessee December 17-28, 1864
    Surrender in North Carolina

ROSTERS:

    Co. "A" (Fayette): J. H. Moore (resigned, 1 July 62); E. M. Vandiver (wounded, Chancellorsville)
    Co. "B" (Fayette): James S. McCoy (died in service, 22 July 62); John Y. Caldwell; Lt. Alexander Thompson
    Co. "C" (Fayette): E. B. Newton (resigned, 1 July 62); David McDaniel; James M. Harton (dropped, 17 Feb 65); Fill Treadaway
    Co. "D" (Fayette): Isaac H. Sanders (resigned, 11 Aug 62); Thomas Taylor (KIA, 3 May 63); David Ballenger (resigned, 12 oct 63); D. M. Gideon
    Co. "E" (Fayette): H. H. Reid (resigned, 11 Nov 63); Sidney B. Smith
    Co. "F" (Marion): David F. Bryan (promoted); Raymond Dial Redden (promoted); E. M. Turner
    Co. "G" (Marion): Silas Hosmer; A. B. Faver (resigned, 7 Feb 63); A. J. Burchfield
    Co. "H" (Marion): John S. White (resigned, 20 March 62); James W. White
    Co. "I" (Fayette): David F. Bryan (promoted); Lewis M. Wimberly (resigned, Jan 62); William H. Lindsey; Frank M. Haly; Allen B. Lowry (resigned, 27 Oct 62)
    Co. "K" (Fayette): Edward C. Leach; Frank M. Smith

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

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