Alabama 30th Infantry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

    The 30th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Talladega, 16 April 1862, with men recruited from Calhoun, Clay, Coosa, Franklin, Jefferson, Randolph, St. Clair, Shelby, and Talladega counties. It reported for duty at once to Chattanooga. Sent further into East Tennessee, it was brigaded under Gen'l Alexander W. Reynolds of Tennessee, then under Gen'l Carter L. Stevenson. The regiment skirmished at Tazewell and Cumberland Gap, and moved into Kentucky, but it was not engaged there. On the return to Tennessee, the 30th was brigaded with the 20th, 23rd, 31st, and 46th Alabama regiments, under Gen'l Edward D. Tracy of Madison, and in December, it was sent to Vicksburg with the other portions of Stevenson's Division. In the spring, the regiment fought with few casualties at Port Gibson; but, it saw heavy losses at Champion's Hill where 229 men were put out of action - half the regimental strength. In addition, four ensigns were killed, and the colors were penetrated by 63 balls and 16 shell fragments. At Vicksburg, the 30th suffered severely in casualties during the siege and was captured with the fortress. Paroled, the regiment recruited at Demopolis and proceeded with other portions of the brigade, now under Gen'l Edmund W. Pettus of Dallas, to the main army near Chattanooga. The regiment was engaged without loss at Missionary Ridge, then wintered at Dalton. At Rocky Face Ridge, the 30th suffered severely, but lightly at Resaca. In the Atlanta Campaign, the regiment was engaged in several battles. It lost heavily at New Hope, Atlanta, and Jonesboro. It proceeded into Tennessee and was engaged at Nashville, losing heavily again, and was part of the rear guard on the movement to Duck River. Transferred to North Carolina, the regiment fought at Kinston and Bentonville, with high casualties. The 30th surrendered with the army at Greensboro, North Carolina, about 100 men present for duty. Toward the close of the war, the 30th was consolidated with the 20th Infantry and redesignated the 20th Consolidated Infantry Regiment, at Smithfield, 9 April 1865.

    The flag of the 30th is in the Alabama State Archives.

FIELD OFFICERS:

    Cols. Charles Miller Shelley (Talladega; promoted); James K. Elliott (Talladega; wounded, Bentonville); Lt. Cols. Taul Bradford (Talladega; resigned, 10 Nov 1862); John Bass Smith (Jefferson; KIA, Vicksburg); John C. Francis (Calhoun; KIA, Rocky Face Ridge); Thomas H. Patterson (Talladega; KIA, Atlanta); James K. Elliott; promoted); William H. Burr (St. Clair); Majors John Bass Smith (promoted); William C. Patterson (Talladega; wounded, Champion's Hill; resigned, 28 Jan 1864); John C. Francis (promoted); Thomas H. Patterson (promoted); James K. Elliott (promoted); William Hughson Burr (promoted); and Adjutants William W. Houston (Talladega; wounded, Champion's Hill); and James E. Shelly

BATTLES:

ROSTERS:

    Co. "A" (Talladega County): William C. Patterson (promoted); Henry P. Oden (KIA, Vicksburg); R. P. H. Heacock (KIA, Bentonville)

    Co. "B" (Calhoun County; paroled as part of 20th AL Infantry, Consolidated): John C. Francis (promoted); Joseph H. McCain

    Co. "C" (Talladega County): David M. Anderson (KIA, Champion's Hill); D. C. McCain

    Co. "D" (Shelby County): Charles G. Samuel (resigned, 4 April 64); Benjamin F. Samuel (retired, 30 Dec 64)

    Co. "E" (Calhoun County): Henry McBee (resigned, 2 Sept 62); Samuel Kelly

    Co. "F" (Talladega County): John Sawyer (resigned, 11 June 62); James K. Elliot (wounded, Rocky Face Ridge; promoted); Wilson T. Webb

    Co. "G" (Randolph County): W. T. Wood (resigned, 29 Jan 63); A. Jack Durrett (KIA, near Atlanta); Lt. Stephens

    Co. "H" (St. Clair County): Edward P. Woodward (resigned, 12 Nov 62); William H. Burr (wounded; promoted)

    Co. "I" (Talladega County): Thomas H. Patterson (wounded, Port Gibson; promoted); William S. McGhee (KIA, Atlanta)

    Co. "K" (Shelby and Jefferson counties): J. B. Smith (promoted); John Marion De Shazo (wounded, Lovejoy's Station); R. M. Acton (resigned, 2 Sept 62)

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

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