The Arkansas 27th Infantry Regiment was formed during the late summer of 1862 with men from the northern section of the state. It was placed in Colonel R. H. Shaver's and General Tappan's Brigade, Trans-Mississippi Department, and in the spring of the 1864 united with the 38th Regiment. The unit fought at Prairie Grove, Bayou Fourche, and Jenkins' Ferry where the consolidated command reported 4 killed and 22 wounded. It was included in the surrender in June, 1865.
Colonels Beal Gaither and James R. Shaler, and Lieutenant Colonels A. J. Magenis and James M. Riggs.