Arizona 1st Infantry Battalion (Union)
In 1865 and 1866, Pima and Maricopa and Hispanic soldiers served in the first USA Arizona Volunteer Infantry. Arizona Governor Goodwin appointed Thomas Ewing, a teamster from the Pima Villages, to recruit Maricopa Indians, and former sergeant John D. Walker to recruit the Pima. On October 2, 1865, First Lieutenant William Tompkins of the Third California Infantry arrived at Maricopa Wells and commissioned First Lieutenant Ewing, Second Lieutenant Charles Reidt, who was fluent in the Maricopa language, and Captain Juan Chevereah, chief of the Maricopa. He also mustered in 94 Maricopa recruits, designated as Company B, Arizona Volunteer Infantry. By May 16, 1866 there were 103 men in the company. John D. Walker was commissioned as first lieutenant and William A. Hancock as second lieutenant of Company C, made up of Pima Indians. Their chief, Antonio Azul, was made a sergeant and 89 Pima were recruited to fill out the company. Five more Pima were added later at Sacaton.
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