Monte Mounted Rangers


    In earlier days, El Monte was a stopping place for the people going to the gold fields in the North, near Sacramento. The first settlers with their families were Nicholas Schmidt, Ira W. Thompson, G and F. Cuddeback, J. Corbin and J Sheldon. Settlement began in 1849, though Spanish missionaries and soldiers passed through the area as early as the 1770s.

    By 1861 El Monte had become a sizeable settlement and during the American Civil War was considered a stronghold of sympathetic secessionists. A. J. King an Undersheriff of Los Angeles County (and former member of the earlier "Monte Rangers" or "Monte Boys") with other influential men in El Monte, formed a secessionist militia company, like the Los Angeles Mounted Rifles, called the Monte Mounted Rifles on March 23, 1861. However the attempt failed when following the battle of Fort Sumter, A. J. King marched through the streets with a portrait of the Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard .

    Information on this unit may be found at:

    The California State Military Museum







Featured Books & CD-ROMS

California State Militia and National Guard Unit Histories Monte Rangers Assigned to: First Brigade Location: Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Organized: February 23, 1854 Mustered out: May 1, 1861 Commanding Officers John H.. Hughes, Captain, Date of Rank: February 23, 1854 James H. Wethersby, First Lieutenant, Date of Rank: February 23, 1854 History Three volunteer. companies of Cavalry were organized in Los Angeles County in the space of eight months from July 1853 to February 1854. In the southern part of the state a twofold purpose for military protection was evident. First, was the fact that the citzens were continually subjected to Indian depredations. Secondly, organized bands of outlaws roamed the country pillaging and robbing. The Sheriff's office in both instances proved entirely inadequate to cope with the situations, and as a result militia companies were organized. The Monte Rangers was the third company to be organized, which was accomplished on February 23, 1854. John H. Hughes was elected Captain and James H. Wethersby, First Lieutenant. The necessary Bond was filed with the Adjutant General's Office on March twenty-fifth along with the requisition for forty colt pistols, forty rifles, and all necessary accoutrements. The letters on file do not report any of the activities of the Monte Rangers: In 1859 the Bond and the requisition for arms was still or file, but there was no evidence of the company having ever received their arms from the Quartermaster, and it was believed the Monte Rangers disbanded sometime during that year. (1) Footnotes (1) Adjutant General Report, 1859, page 31. ---------------------