The Civil War in Connecticut



Connecticut 4th Infantry Regiment

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HISTORICAL NOTES: The Connecticut 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment was organized at Washington, D.C., from the 4th Connecticut Infantry, January 2, 1862. The roster of the 4th Infantry contains only 7 names. It mustered out September 25, 1865 and was discharged October 1, 1865 in Hartford, Connecticut.

The 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment lost 2 officers and 49 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 4 officers and 172 enlisted men to disease during the War.

First Hand Account by E. B. Bennett, Company K

ASSIGNMENTS: Attached to Military District of Washington to April, 1862. Siege artillery, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. Siege artillery, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. Artillery defenses Alexandria Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. Artillery defenses of Alexandria, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, defenses south of the Potomac, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. (Cos. "B" and "M" attached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, October, 1862, to January, 1864.) Point of Rocks, Va., Dept., of Virginia and North Carolina to June, 1864. Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina in the field, and siege artillery, Army Potomac, to May, 1865. Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1865. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to August, 1865. 3rd Brigade, Dept. of Washington, to September, 1865. SERVICE:

1862

January 2

Organized at Washington, D.C., from 4th Connecticut Infantry Regiment

January -March

Duty at Fort Richardson, defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Military District of Washington

April 2

Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., in charge of siege train Army Potomac

April 12-May 4

Siege of Yorktown. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac

May 27

Battle of Hanover C. H.

May 27-29

Operations about Hanover C. H.

June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 27

Gaines' Mill

July 1

Malvern Hill

July

At Harrison's Landing. Assigned to Siege artillery, Army Potomac

August 16-27

Moved to Alexandria, Va. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D.C. as garrison at Fort Richardson. Assigned to Artillery defenses Alexandria, Military District of Washington.

 

Companies B and M detached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac. Each battery was equipped with four 4.5" Siege Rifles.

 

Main Body of Regiment

Detatched Companies B & M

Dec. 12-15

 

Battle of Fredericksburg

1863

February

Assigned to artillery defenses of Alexandria, 22nd Corps

 

April

Assigned to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, defenses south of the Potomac, 22nd Corps

 

April 27-May 6

 

Chancellorsville Campaign

May

Assigned to 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps

 

May 1-5

 

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 12

 

Stafford Heights

July 1-3

 

Battle of Gettysburg

The batteries were not at Gettysburg, being held in reserve due to the mobile nature of the campaign

October 9-22

 

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

 

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 8

 

Brandy Station

November 26-December 2

 

Mine Run Campaign

December

Assigned to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps

 

1864

January

Regiment reunited in the defenses of Washington

March

Assigned to 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps

May 13

Regiment ordered to Bermuda Hundred, Va. Engaged in fatigue duty and as garrison for batteries and forts on the Bermuda front and lines before Petersburg during siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond. Assigned to Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina.

 

Occupied Fort Converse, Redoubt Dutton, Batteries Spofford, Anderson, Pruyn and Perry on the Bermuda front, and Forts Rice, Morton, Sedgwick and McGilvrey, and Batteries 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20, Burpee, Drake and Sawyer, on the Petersburg front, and at Dutch Gap, north of the James River.

June 2 and 21

Assaults on Fort Dutton (Company L)

May 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 27, 30, & 31

Attacks on the lines

June 1, 2, 5, 9, 18, 20 & 23

Attacks on the lines

July 30

Mine explosion

August 25,

Attacks on the lines

November 17, 18 & 28

Attacks on the lines

1865

January 3-15

Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C. (Companies B, G & L)

January 23-24

Repulse of rebel fleet at Fort Brady on James River

January 15

Capture of Fort Fisher (Companies B, G & L)

April 2

Assaults on and fall of Petersburg, Va.

April-June

Duty in the Dept. of Va.

July 11

Moved to Washington, D.C., and duty in the defenses of that city attached to 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington

August

Attached to 3rd Brigade, Dept. of Washington

September 25

Mustered out

OFFICERS:

BATTLES:

ROSTERS:

The roster of this regiment contains 5250 names.

Company A
Company B
Company C
Company D
Company E
Company F
Company G
Company H
Company I
Company K

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

    Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
    http://civilwarintheeast.com/USA/CT/1CT.php

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