Connecticut 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment



HISTORICAL NOTES: The Connecticut 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment was organized at Washington, D.C., from the 4th Connecticut Infantry, January 2, 1862. The roster of the 4th Infantry contains only 7 names. It mustered out September 25, 1865 and was discharged October 1, 1865 in Hartford, Connecticut.
The 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment lost 2 officers and 49 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 4 officers and 172 enlisted men to disease during the War.
First Hand Account by E. B. Bennett, Company K
ASSIGNMENTS: Attached to Military District of Washington to April, 1862. Siege artillery, Army Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to July, 1862. Siege artillery, Army Potomac, to August, 1862. Artillery defenses Alexandria Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. Artillery defenses of Alexandria, 22nd Army Corps, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, defenses south of the Potomac, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1863. 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. (Cos. "B" and "M" attached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac, October, 1862, to January, 1864.) Point of Rocks, Va., Dept., of Virginia and North Carolina to June, 1864. Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina in the field, and siege artillery, Army Potomac, to May, 1865. Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1865. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to August, 1865. 3rd Brigade, Dept. of Washington, to September, 1865. SERVICE:

1862


January 2


Organized at Washington, D.C., from 4th Connecticut Infantry Regiment


January -March


Duty at Fort Richardson, defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Military District of Washington


April 2


Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., in charge of siege train Army Potomac


April 12-May 4


Siege of Yorktown. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac


May 27


Battle of Hanover C. H.


May 27-29


Operations about Hanover C. H.


June 25-July 1


Seven days before Richmond


June 27


Gaines' Mill


July 1


Malvern Hill


July


At Harrison's Landing. Assigned to Siege artillery, Army Potomac


August 16-27


Moved to Alexandria, Va. Duty in the defenses of Washington, D.C. as garrison at Fort Richardson. Assigned to Artillery defenses Alexandria, Military District of Washington.


 


Companies B and M detached to Artillery Reserve, Army Potomac. Each battery was equipped with four 4.5" Siege Rifles.

 
Main Body of Regiment


Detatched Companies B & M


Dec. 12-15


 


Battle of Fredericksburg


1863


February


Assigned to artillery defenses of Alexandria, 22nd Corps


 


April


Assigned to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, defenses south of the Potomac, 22nd Corps


 


April 27-May 6


 


Chancellorsville Campaign


May


Assigned to 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps


 


May 1-5


 


Battle of Chancellorsville


June 12


 


Stafford Heights


July 1-3


 


Battle of Gettysburg


The batteries were not at Gettysburg, being held in reserve due to the mobile nature of the campaign


October 9-22


 


Bristoe Campaign


November 7-8


 


Advance to line of the Rappahannock


November 8


 


Brandy Station


November 26-December 2


 


Mine Run Campaign


December


Assigned to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps


 


1864


January


Regiment reunited in the defenses of Washington


March


Assigned to 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps


May 13


Regiment ordered to Bermuda Hundred, Va. Engaged in fatigue duty and as garrison for batteries and forts on the Bermuda front and lines before Petersburg during siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond. Assigned to Siege artillery, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina.


 


Occupied Fort Converse, Redoubt Dutton, Batteries Spofford, Anderson, Pruyn and Perry on the Bermuda front, and Forts Rice, Morton, Sedgwick and McGilvrey, and Batteries 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20, Burpee, Drake and Sawyer, on the Petersburg front, and at Dutch Gap, north of the James River.


June 2 and 21


Assaults on Fort Dutton (Company L)


May 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 27, 30, & 31


Attacks on the lines


June 1, 2, 5, 9, 18, 20 & 23


Attacks on the lines


July 30


Mine explosion


August 25,


Attacks on the lines


November 17, 18 & 28


Attacks on the lines


1865


January 3-15


Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C. (Companies B, G & L)


January 23-24


Repulse of rebel fleet at Fort Brady on James River


January 15


Capture of Fort Fisher (Companies B, G & L)


April 2


Assaults on and fall of Petersburg, Va.


April-June


Duty in the Dept. of Va.


July 11


Moved to Washington, D.C., and duty in the defenses of that city attached to 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington


August


Attached to 3rd Brigade, Dept. of Washington


September 25


Mustered out


OFFICERS: BATTLES:
ROSTERS:

The roster of this regiment contains 5250 names.
Company A
Company B
Company C
Company D
Company E
Company F
Company G
Company H
Company I
Company K

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
http://civilwarintheeast.com/USA/CT/1CT.php