The Georgia 7th Infantry Regiment was formed in May, 1861, at Atlanta, Georgia, and in June moved to Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. Assigned to Colonel F. S. Bartow’s Brigade, Army of the Shenandoah, it was active in the fight at First Manassas. In April, 1861, the regiment had 611 effectives and served under the command of General G. T. Anderson until the end of the war.
The 7th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Day’s Battles to Cold Harbor, except when it was detached with Longstreet at Suffolk, in Georgia, and at Knoxville. The 7th was not involved in the Battle of Chickamauga. It was active in the long Petersburg siege south and north of the James River and later the Appomattox Campaign. It reported 153 casualties at First Manassas, 147 during the Seven Day’s Battles. Losses were light at Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, but from April 14 to May 6 there were 98 disabled, and from August 1 to December 31, 1864, the unit had 56 killed or wounded. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 24 officers and 164 men.
The few who survived the war returned home to total destruction and for many of the men of Companies D and H, their wives and children were never found, having been shipped north by Sherman and left destitute in Ohio and Illinois. This story of the Roswell and Mansfield Mill Workers is another documented atrocity against southern civilians performed by Sherman and his troops.
Gartrell, Lucius Jeremiah - Colonel
Wilson, William T. - Commissary, Colonel.
White, William Wilkinson- Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel.
Carmical, George H.- Major, Colonel, Major.
Cooper, James Fairlie - Lieutenant Colonel
Dunwoody, John - Major, Lieutenant Colonel.
White, William Wilkinson- Captain, Co. I, Lieutenant Colonel.
Carmical, George H. Major, Lieutenant Colonel.
Alman, M. T - Major, Lieutenant Colonel.
Dunwoody, John - Major, Lieutenant Col onel
Anderson, Lemuel B. - 2d Lieut. Co. C. - Major.
Hoyle, Eli W. - Adjutant, Major.
Carmical, George H: Major.----See 2d Lieutenant Co. A.
Witt, Horace H.-Major.----See 1st Lieutenant Co. B.
Alman, M. T: Major.----See 4th Sergeant Co. G.
Kiser, John F.-Major.----See 2d Lieutenant Co. D.
Hoyle, Eli W: Adjutant.----See private Co. B.
Shaw, J. Emmett Adjutant.----See private Co. I.
Fry, John G: Chaplain May 31, 1861. Resigned December 4, 1862.
Thomas, Albizi Gano---Chaplain July 15, 1862. Resigned Apr. 2, 1863.
Stokes, David C.--Chaplain.----See private Co. A.
Lovejoy, Edward B.-Sergeant Major.----See 4th Sergeant Co. K.
Galliger, Charles T.-Sergeant Major.----See Musician Co. E.
Heggie, Isaac N., Jr.---Sergeant Major.----See private Co. H.
Lindley, Jonathan F.-Sergeant Major.----See private Co. D.
Holliday, Robert K.- Quartermaster
Benson, Eli-Quartermaster Sergeant.----See private Co. F.
Holland, Lindsey--Quartermaster Sergeant.----See private Co. F.
Weaver, Thomas H.-Quartermaster Sergeant.----See 3d Sergeant Co. I.
Green, William C.---Quartermaster Sergeant. ----See private Co. D.
Peddy, John Taylor-Ordnance Sergeant.----See 3d Sergeant Co. G.
Alexander, James F.- Surgeon
West, N. G: Surgeon
Cotten, James F.(or Cotton)--Surgeon.----See private Co. D.
North, R. W.-Assistant Surgeon May 31, 1861. Resigned Dec. 10, 1861.
North, Abraham C. Assistant Surgeon.----See 1st Sergeant Co. A.
Simmons, Joseph S. Hospital Steward.----See private Co. H.
Wilson. William T.-Commissary
Tucker, J. R.--Acting Commissary Sergeant.----See private Co. I.
Metts, J. R: Ensign.----See private Co. G.
First Manassas - July 21, 1861
Chickamauga - not engaged.
Field Staff and Band
Company A - Coweta County, Georgia ("Coweta Guards") Or ("Coweta 2D District Guards")
Company B - Fulton County, Georgia
Company C - Paulding County, Georgia ("Paulding Volunteers")
Company D - Cobb County, Georgia
Company E - Dekalb County, Georgia ("Dekalb Light Infantry")
Company F - Carroll County, Georgia ("Iverson Invincibles" )
Company G - Heard County, Georgia ("Franklin Volunteers")
Company H - Cobb County, Georgia ("Roswell Guards")
Company I - Cobb County, Georgia ("Cobb Mountaineers")
Company K - Fulton County, Georgia ("Davis Infantry")