Georgia 10th Infantry Battalion



 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

    This unit is also called the 3rd Battalion, but there were two other units which also bore that name, the 3rd Infantry Battalion, and the 3rd Battalion Sharpshooters.

    The following history of this battalion was written by jgriffin@wolfenet.com (John Griffin).

    In honor and remembrance of the ancestors who served with this regiment, lest they be forgotten, this regimental history is dedicated to:

    The initial formation of the regiment was in Americus, Georgia during the spring of 1862.

    The 10th Battalion of Georgia Volunteers was listed as assigned to Military District of Georgia, commanded by Brigadier General Hugh W. Mercer. Their first duties were Georgia coastal defense. The 10th Battalion, Georgia Volunteers remained at Camp Stephens until 14 May 1862 when it received orders to proceed to Macon, Georgia The battalion was sent there to guard several thousand federal prisoners at Camp Oglethorpe located near Macon and the supplies stored there.

    Records show a Colonel Brown, 59th Regiment Georgia Volunteers and a Major Rylander's battalion guarding prisoners at Macon. In correspondence dated 25 August 1862 the 10th Georgia Battalion and the 59th Georgia regiment are listed as guarding stores and prisoners in Macon, GA and in a "Report Position of Troops in the Department of South Carolina and Georgia", dated 25 September 1862, commanded by General G.T. Beauregard.

    Special Orders 256, dated 1 November 1862, The 10th Battalion of Georgia Volunteers at Macon are relieved from further duty at that place and will proceed to Winchester, VA and report for duty to General Robert E. Lee. In this order the 1st Regiment of Georgia Regulars will be relieved of duty with General R.E. Lee and will proceed to Macon, Georgia. The 10th Battalion, Georgia Volunteers received orders on 15 December 1862 to proceed to Virginia to join Robert E. Lee's army at Fredericksburg. The battalion arrived on 27 December 1862 and was attached to General G.T. Anderson's Brigade, General Hoods Division, of General Longstreet's Corps.

    Correspondence from Headquarters, Army of Northern Virginia, near Fredericksburg, dated 27 December 1862, stated the 10th Battalion, Georgia volunteers Commanded by Major Rylander arrived at Hamilton's Crossing on 26 December 1862 and reported in the morning in accordance with the Special Orders 287. The 10th Georgia Battalion is to relieve the 1st Regiment Georgia Regulars as they are now ordered to Danville, VA.

    The battalion marched from Fredericksburg on 17 February 1863 and proceeded to Richmond, VA. "Report of Troops in the Dept. of N.C"., commanded by MG D.H. Hill, headquartered in Richmond, VA, dated 30 June 1863, lists the 10th Georgia Battalion, Major John E. Rylander as unattached infantry, stationed with other unattached units between James River and Cape Fear.

    The battalion participated in the campaign against Suffolk. Near the end of the campaign, the battalion was ordered to Fort Powhatan and used as replacements for the 59th Georgia Regiment. The battalion stayed here for two months.

    General D.H. Hill ordered the evacuation of the fort and the 10th Georgia Battalion fell back to Petersburg, VA. Around August 1863 the unit was ordered to Franklin where it stayed for eight months.

    Union correspondence, dated 30 October 1863, between Brigadier General George W. Getty and Major General Foster near Bristol, indicated Major Rylander's battalion of infantry, is at Franklin, near Suffolk.

    Report of Troops in the Dept. of North Carolina", commanded by Major General George E. Pickett, headquartered in Petersburg, VA, dated 31 December 1863, lists the 10th Georgia Battalion, commanded by Major John E. Rylander.

    An abstract from a Department of North Carolina report, commanded by Major General George E. Pickett, dated February 1864, indicates the 10th Georgia Battalion under Major J.E. Rylander with a status as not brigaded.

    Special Orders 89, Adjutant and Inspector General Office, Richmond, dated 16 April 1864, orders Major Rylander and his battalion to proceed by railroad to Headquarters, Department of Northern Virginia and report to General R.E. Lee for assignment to Brigadier General A.R. Wright's brigade at Orange Courthouse. On about 25 April 1864, the battalion was ordered to Orange Courthouse, VA and was assigned to Gen. A.R. Wright, Anderson's Division, A.P. Hill's Corps. The battalion participated in a desperate charge of federal positions at Spotsylvania Courthouse on 14 May 1864. Until their participation at this battle, the battalion's primary function had been garrison duty.

    On 2 June 1864, the commander, Major J.E. Rylander was killed at Cold Harbor or Gaines Mill. The command was placed in charge of Major James D. Frederick. The battalion suffered heavily losing 1/3 of its men on the 22nd & 23rd June 1864 near Petersburg. The battalion is shown doing picket duty on 30 July 1864 as part of Wright's Brigade.

    Correspondence to General Grant from Major General Winfield S. Handcock somewhere along Charles City road, 17 August 1864, stating a conversation was overheard on the battlefield while clearing the dead and wounded. Remarks were made by representatives of General Anderson's headquarters referencing the part of the battle taken by the 10th Georgia Battalion.

    Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, dated 31 August 1864, shows the 10th Georgia Battalion under command of Captain James D. Frederick and assigned to General Wright's brigade, of General Mahone's Division of 3rd Corps, Commanded by Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill.

    Abstract from a Inspection Report, dated 29 September 1864, shows the 10th Georgia Battalion, under the command of Captain William A. Greer, assigned to Anderson's Division, Mahone commanding.

    Correspondence to Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, from a field unit indicated a soldier was captured belonging to 10th Georgia Battalion of Mahone's Division, Wright's Brigade

    Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, dated 30 November 1864 and again on 31 December 1864, shows the 10th Georgia Battalion under the command of Captain William A. Greer, assigned to 3rd Corps, Commanded by LTG Ambrose P. Hill, Mahones Division, Sorrel's Brigade.

    Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia dated 31 January 1865, shows the 10th Georgia Battalion under Captain James D. Frederick, assigned to 3rd Corps, Commanded by Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill, Mahones Division, Sorrel's Brigade

    Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia dated 28 February 1865, shows the 10th Georgia Battalion under command of Captain Caleb F. Hill.

    There were many men disabled at the battle of Sayler's Creek and it surrendered with 4 officers and 155 men. Documentation of General Robert E. Lee's surrender, and speech to his troops, 10 April 1865, also shows 10th Georgia Battalion under Captain Caleb F. Hill at Appomattox for the surrender.

FIELD OFFICERS:

    Frederick, J. D. - Major
    Rylander, John E. - Major
    Tinsley, William C. - Ensign
    Whitehead, J. W. - Quartermaster

BATTLES:

ROSTERS:

    The Compiled Service Records of the members of this regiment may be found in microfilm roll series M266. The complete series contains 607 rolls of film. The compiled service records are indexed on M226. These film are available from the Georgia Archive s. Copies of the service record of individual soldiers may be ordered.
      Roll # CSR-254 Surnames A-B
      Roll # CSR-255 Surnames C-F
      Roll # CSR-256 Surnames G-J
      Roll # CSR-257 Surnames K-R
      Roll # CSR-258 Surnames S-Y

    Company A - Macon County Guards - Macon County
    Company B - Worth Rebels - Worth County

    Company C, Zollicoffer Rifles, Sumter County men, Captain B.F. Bell
    Company D, Whittle Guards, Bibb County men, Captain William L. Jones
    Company E was added on 17 July 1862, Captain John L. Adderton.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

    REF: EMAIL from jgriffin@wolfenet.com (John Griffin)

 

    

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Historical Sketch and Roster of the GA 10th Infantry Battalion
    by John Rigdon
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