Georgia 12th Cavalry Regiment State Guards




HISTORICAL NOTES:
This regiment was organized in late 1863, and mustered out about February, 1864. There is no mention of this regiment in Crute's Compilation.
FIELD OFFICERS:
Robinson, William H. - Colonel
Felton, L. M. - Major
Pemberton, John Stith - Lieut. Colonel.
Pemberton served with distinction as a lieutenant colonel in the Third Georgia Cavalry Battalion during the Civil War and was almost killed in the fighting at Columbus in April 1865. In 1869 he became a principal partner in the firm of Pemberton, Wilson, Taylor and Company, which was based in Atlanta, where he moved in 1870. Two years later he became a trustee of the Atlanta Medical College (later Emory University School of Medicine) and established a business in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where his own brands of pharmaceuticals were manufactured on a large scale. He also served for six years (1881-87) on the first state examining board that licensed pharmacists in Georgia.

Pemberton was "the most noted physician Atlanta ever had," according to the Atlanta newspapers, but he is best known for his expertise in the laboratory, where he perfected the formula for Coca-Cola.

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REFERENCES:
Sifakis - The Compendium of the Confederate Armies