The 12th Georgia Infantry completed its organization in June of 1861 at Richmond, Va. Its members were from the counties of Sumter, Jones, Macon, Calhoun, Muscogee, Dooly, Putnam, Bibb, Lowndes and Marion. Upon its arrival in western Virginia, the regiment was assigned to H. R. Jackson's command and participated in Lee's Cheat Mountain campaign. It later served in the brugades of generals E. Johnson, Elzey, Trimble, Dole, and Cook. During this time, they participated in Stonewall Jackson's Valley campaign, then fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Seven Days to Cold Harbor.The 12th later took part in Early's Shenandoah Valley operations and the Appomattox campaign.
The regiment's losses included 175 men at McDowell, 45 at Groveton, and 59 at Sharpsburg. It's casualties included 12 killed and 58 wounded at Chancellorsville and sixteen percent of the remaining 327 men at the start of the battle of Gettysburg were dead or missing by its end. Only five officers and 50 men of the original twelve hundred enlisted in the regiment surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia in April 1865.
An excellent first hand account of the Doles Cook Brigade was published by Henry W. Thomas of Company G of the 12th Georgia.
From the introduction:
“No brigade in the Confederate army did more service, or suffered more hardships, and none can boast of a prouder or more brilliant record than that made by the Doles-Cook Brigade. Its regiments were amongst the first to take arms in defense of the South, and did not lay them down until General Robert E. Lee surrendered the army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court-house, Virginia on the 9th day of April, 1865. On that fatal day the remnant of the Doles-Cook Brigade followed the Stars and Bars as gallantly, fought as bravely, and drove the enemy as steadily as they had done in the past. Not until then did they cease to bear arms in defense of the South.
Read the history of all the armies of any nation, and you will not find a single one to compare to that of the Confederate army. They were intelligent, brave fearless and determined, but kind and gentlemanly in their bearings, respectful of their officers and obedient to orders. They did not fight for conquest or glory, but simply for the protection of their homes and the independence of the South. “
Cols. Z. T. Conner, Edward Johnson, and Edward Willis; Lt. Cols. Mark H. Blanford, Isaac Hardeman, Willis, A. Hawkins, T. B. Scott, and Abner Smead; and Maj. John T. Carson.
Near Seven Pines (skirmish) - June 15, 1862
Seven Days Battles - June 25 - July 1, 1862
Beaver Dam Creek - June 26, 1862
Gaines' Mill - June 27, 1862
Malvern Hill - July 1, 1862
South Mountain - September 14, 1862
Antietan - September 17, 1862
Fredericksburg - December 13, 1862
Chancellorsville - May 11-14, 1863
Gettysburg - July 1-3, 1863
Bristoe Campaign - October 1863
Mine Run Campaign - November - December 1863
The Wilderness - May 5-6 1864
Spotsylvania Court House - May 8-21, 1864
North Anna - May 23-26, 1864
Cold Harbor - June 1-3, 1864
Lynchburg Campaign - May - June 1864
Monocacy - July 9, 1864
3rd Winchester - September 19, 1864
Fisher's Hill - September 22, 1864
Cedar Creek - October 19, 1864
Petersburg Siege - May - June 1864 - April 1865
Fort Stedman - March 25, 1865
Appomattox Court House - April 9, 1865