The Georgia 42nd Infantry Regiment was assembled at Camp McDonald, Georgia, in March, 1862, with men from Gwinnett, De Kalb, Newton, Walton, Fulton, and Calhoun counties. The regiment moved to Tennessee, then Mississippi where it was attached to General Barton's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It fought at Chickasaw Bayou and Champion's Hill, and on July 4, 1863, was captured at Vicksburg. Exchanged and brigaded under General Stovall, the 42nd continued the fight in various battles from Missionary Ridge to Bentonville. In December, 1863, it contained 444 men and 394 arms, and in November, 1864, there were 345 present for duty. The regiment surrendered with the Army of Tennessee with 5 officers and 126 men.
Robert J. Henderson, Colonel
Robert F. Maddox, Lieut. Colonel
William H. Hulsey, Major
Hugh M. Wylie, Adjutant
Benson W. Adams, Captain and A. Q. M.
Joseph R. Simmons, Captain and A. C. S.
John S. Wilson, Surgeon
John A. Dunn, Assistant Surgeon
Egbert B. Rosser, Sergeant Major
James M. Wilson, Ordnance Sergeant
T. D. Goodson, Color Sergeant
W. C. Cockrell, Musician
J. J. Frederick, Teamster
July 20, 1864
July 22, 1864
July 28, 1864
Bentonville (March 19 - 21 1865)