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Confederate Generals

Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel

Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel
Born June 27 1828, Halifax NC
Died May 13 1864, Spotsylvania Court House VA

Gen. Junius Daniel


Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, frontier duty, resigned 1858, planter.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 14th North Carolina, Col. of 45th North Carolina, commanded 3rd Bde/Holmes' Divn at Seven Days, September 1862 Brig. Gen., served in North Carolina, commanded Danielís Bde/Rodes' Divn at Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania (mw).

Brigadier-General Junius Daniel was born at Halifax, N. C., June 27, 1828. He was the youngest son of J. R. J. Daniel, attorney-general of North Carolina and representative in Congress, and a cousin of Judge Daniel of the Superior and Supreme courts of the State. He was appointed to the United States military academy by President Polk as a cadet-at-large, and was graduated in 1851 and promoted to second lieutenant in the fall of that year. After a year or two of service at Newport barracks, Kentucky, he was ordered to New Mexico, where he served in garrison at Forts Filmore, Albuquerque and Stanton, and in skirmishes with the Indians until 1857, when he was promoted first lieutenant, Third infantry. In 1858 he resigned to take charge of his father's plantation in Louisiana. In October, 1860, he married Ellen, daughter of John J. Long, of Northampton county, N. C. When his State had decided to enter the Confederacy, Lieutenant Daniel offered his experience and soldierly ability, and upon the organization of the Fourteenth infantry regiment at Garysburg was elected colonel and commissioned June 3, 1861. His regiment was an ideal one in its composition, representing the best families of the State, and he gave it a splendid training for the stern warfare which was to follow. He was also elected colonel of the Forty-third regiment, but declined, and was tendered the colonelship of the Second cavalry, which he refused in favor of Col. Sol Williams. After rendering valuable service in the organization of North Carolina troops, he went into the Seven Days' campaign before Richmond in command as senior colonel of a brigade composed of the Forty-third, Fiftieth and Forty-fifth infantry, and Burroughs' battalion of cavalry. He behaved gallantly under fire at Malvern Hill and narrowly escaped injury, his horse being killed under him. Early in September he was commissioned brigadier-general, and the Thirty-second, Forty-third, Forty-fifth, Fifty-third regiments and Second battalion were put under his command. With this brigade he remained near Drewry's bluff until December, 1862, when he was ordered to North Carolina to meet the Federal invasion. Just before the Pennsylvania campaign he and his men were transferred to Rodes' division, Ewell's corps, army of Northern Virginia, with which they took part in the battle of Gettysburg. He was distinguished for coolness and intrepid conduct during the fierce fighting of the first day of that historic struggle, in which his brigade suffered the severest loss of any in the corps, but displayed wonderful discipline and drove the enemy before them. They were again in hard fighting on the second day, and lay under fire during the third. His last battle was at the "bloody angle" on the Spottsylvania lines, May 12, 1864, when, cheering his men forward to drive Hancock from the position the Federals had gained, he fell mortally wounded. On the next day he died, after sending a loving message to his wife. He was a thorough soldier, calm, resolute and unpretending. Before his untimely death he had been recommended by General Lee for promotion to major-general.


Daniel, Ellen Long, 1838-1929? Widow of Confederate General Junius Daniel (1828-1864). Papers, ca. 1848-ca. 1918.

7 items located in the Manuscripts Department

Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Southern Historical Collection. Scrapbook compiled by Ellen Long Daniel, chiefly containing clippings and articles about the Civil War and the Confederacy; miscellaneous diplomas and certificates of Ellen and Junius Daniel; and two hand-drawn maps, one of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., by Junius Daniel, ca. 1848, and one of Newport News and Smithfield, Va., and vicinity, undated.

On Line Sites:


Units which served under Gen. Daniel:

    As Colonel:
      NC 14th Infantry Regiment
      NC 45th Infantry Regiment

    At Seven Days - Spotsylvania:

      NC 2nd Infantry Battalion
      NC 43rd Infantry Regiment
      NC 45th Infantry Regiment
      NC 53rd Infantry Regiment


    Evans, Clement, ed. Confederate Military History, Vol. VIII, Confederate Publishing Company, Atlanta, GA, 1899. Reprint 1998. Eastern Digital Resources.

For Additional Research
Here's what's available.
Porter, James D.
- Confederate Military History - North Carolina
813 pgs. (2 vols.)
Rigdon, John C.
Confederate Generals

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