HISTORICAL NOTES:

The 22nd Iowa Infantry was organized at Iowa City, Iowa and mustered in for three years of Federal service on September 9, 1862. After garrison duty in Missouri, the regiment served as part of in Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign of 1863. The regiment was one of the first ashore in Mississippi after the river crossing on April 30, 1863, and was the only Union unit to breach the defenses of Vicksburg, MS during the general assault of May 22, 1863. Later, the 22nd was one of only three regiments from Iowa to serve in Virginia, during Gen. Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign of August-November 1864. It suffered heavy losses at the battles of Third Winchester and Cedar Creek.

After several months of occupation duty, the regiment was mustered out in Savannah, Georgia on July 25, 1865.

Sergeant Leonidas M. Godley of Company E was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1894 for his actions during the assault on the Railroad Redoubt, outside Vicksburg, on May 22, 1863.

The regiment is listed as one of Fox's "Fighting 300 Regiments."

A total of 1084 men served in the 22nd Iowa at one time or another during its existence.[1] It suffered 6 officers and 108 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 1 officer and 135 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 250 fatalities.

The 22nd Iowa's losses at Railroad Redoubt were heavy - 27 killed, 118 wounded and 19 missing. Theirs was the highest toll suffered in any regiment of Grant's army in the siege of Vicksburg. [3]

The Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 108 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 135 Enlisted men by disease. Total 250.

ASSIGNMENTS:

Organized at Iowa City and mustered in September 9, 1862. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., September 14-18, thence to Rolla, Mo., September 22-23. Attached to District of Rolla, Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Southeast Missouri, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 14th Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Corps, Dept. Gulf, to June, 1864. Defenses of New Orleans, La., to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Grover's Division, District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. South, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army Ohio, to April, 1865. District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. South, to July, 1865.

OFFICERS:

Colonel William M. Stone, later Governor of Iowa (1864-68).

Colonel Harvey Graham

SERVICE:

Garrison duty at Rolla, Mo., until January 27, 1863. Moved to West Plains January 27-February 2, 1863. March to Eminence, thence to Iron Mountain, Mo., February 9-26. Moved to St. Genevieve March 9-12, thence to Milliken's Bend, La., March 22:, 27, and duty there until April 25. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Anderson's Hill April 30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Bayou Piertie May 2-3. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Ordered to Dept. of the Gulf August 13. Duty at Carrollton, Brashear City and Berwick until October 3. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 17. Expedition to New Iberia October 3-7 and to Vermillion Bayou October 8-30. Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, November 17-23. Fort Esperanza November 27-30. Duty at DeCrow's Point until January 3, 1864, and at Indianola until March 13. Affair at Lamar February 11 (Detachment). At Matagorda Island until April. Affair Corpus Christi March 24 (Detachment). Moved to Baton Rouge, La., and duty there until July. Moved to Fort Monroe, thence to City Point, Va., July 6-17. Duty at Bermuda Hundred and on north side of the James at Deep Bottom until July 30. Moved to Washington, D. C, July 30-August 1. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3-4. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Woodstock September 23. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown, Winchester and in the Shenandoah Valley until January, 1865. Moved to Savannah, Ga., January 5-22, 1865, and duty there until March. Moved to Newberne and Morehead City, N. C., thence to Augusta, Ga., April 11. Duty there and at Savannah, Ga., until July. Mustered out July 25, 1865.

BATTLES:

Battle of Port Gibson
Battle of Champion Hill
Battle of Big Black River Bridge
Siege of Vicksburg
Battle of Opequan Creek (Third Winchester)
Battle of Fisher's Hill
Battle of Cedar Creek
ROSTERS:

Company A - Johnson County
Company B - Johnson County
Company C - Jasper County
Company D - Monroe County
Company E - Wapello County
Company F - Johnson County
Company G - Johnson County
Company H - Johnson County
Company I - Johnson County
Company K - Johnson County

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

REF: Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
Federal Publishing Company. The Union Army.

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