HISTORICAL NOTES:

This regiment was mustered for three years' service July 25, 1861, and proceeded to Ironton, Mo., where it joined the command of Brig.-Gen. B. M. Prentiss. It was with the reconnoitering expedition under Gen Grant in the rear of Columbus, Ky., and during the battle of Belmont was sent to Elliott's mills, just above Columbus. On Feb. 3, 1862, it embarked for Fort Henry and on the 12th for Fort Donelson, taking part in the investment and siege of that place, being in the last charge on the left of the enemy's works with a loss of 3 killed and 19 wounded. It was engaged at the battle of Shiloh as a part of Col. Sweeney's brigade of Gen. W. H. L. Wallace's division ; went into action between 9 and 10 a. m. on April 6 and first took position on Duncan's field ; drove the enemy in its front across the field but was in turn driven back ; was in the line that repulsed the last charge of the enemy that day, and was advanced to a picket line and remained there until relieved by Gen. Buell's command near daylight next morning. It went into action before noon on the 7th and was hotly engaged when the enemy retreated at 3 p. m. In this battle the regiment lost 2 commissioned officers and 15 men killed and 79 wounded. It was engaged up to May 30 with the 3d brigade, 2nd division, and in the center of the right wing, moved upon Corinth, meanwhile having several skirmishes with the enemy. At the battle of Corinth in Oct., 1862, the regiment was engaged both days on the right of the 3d brigade, still in the 2nd division, losing 2 commissioned officers and 6 men killed, 46 wounded and 21 prisoners, who were afterward exchanged and returned to duty. On Dec. 18, it marched to Lexington, Mo., in pursuit of guerrillas. On April 15, 1863, it marched with Gen. Dodge's command through Iuka, Glendale and Burnsville to Bear creek, on the Alabama line, where two days later it drove the enemy from the creek, and as soon as the cavalry had crossed, Cos. C and K pushed forward at a double-quick in support of the battery. The 7th, on the right, killed 12 of the enemy and captured 2 prisoners. On April 28 it crossed Town creek, drove the enemy for 3 miles, and remained on the ground during the night with the 2nd Ia. infantry, losing during the expedition, 1 man killed by accident. From July 26 to Aug. 5 it was on an expedition in which it captured 42 prisoners, including 1 colonel and 2 captains, also many horses and mules, losing 1 man, accidentally killed. With 100 men of the 10th Mo. cavalry it again went out and had several skirmishes, capturing 20 prisoners. On Sept. 26 it commenced a four days' expedition with the 7th Kan. cavalry and had some very brisk skirmishes, capturing 30 prisoners and several horses and mules. On Oct. 26, it proceeded to Iuka and there guarded approaches until Nov. 6, when it marched to Eastport, crossed the Tennessee river, moved on the flanks of Dodge's command, capturing horses, etc., and fighting guerrillas until Nov. 12, when it camped at Pulaski. On Nov. 17 to 19, it scouted to and beyond Lawrenceburg, capturing 30 prisoners, and on the 21st it was ordered to Corinth, but returned to Pulaski, capturing 25 prisoners. The 7th infantry reenlisted as veterans at Pulaski, Dec. 22, 1863, was mustered in Jan. 6, 1864, and left immediately for Illinois on a 30 days' furlough. Returning to the scenes of carnage the regiment was divided into three detachments — four companies at Florence, two at Sweetwater, and four at Center Star. On the morning of May 7, Gen. Roddey's Confederate brigade crossed the Tennessee, between Sweetwater and Center Star, and attacked the companies at Florence and Sweetwater. After 6 hours' severe fighting against ten times their number, the companies were obliged to retire with a loss of 3 officers and 32 men wounded and captured. On May 13, the regiment returned with the 9th Ohio cavalry and drove the Confederates across the Tennessee, capturing a number of prisoners. On July 29 the non-veteran officers and men were mustered out by reason of expiration of term of service. On Oct. 3, 1864, the 4th division, 15th army corps (to which the 7th was attached), was ordered to Allatoona to assist in the defense of that important station, then threatened by Hood's army. On the morning of the 5th the works were attacked by Gen. French's Confederate division, numbering 6,000 men. The 7th, armed with the Henry rifle (or 16-shooter), did gallant and fearful work, successfully repelling four separate charges made by the desperate and hungry enemy on the line, though its torn and bleeding ranks told at what a fearful cost. Its colors, under which fell many a gallant bearer that day, were never lowered. Thirty-eight men were killed and 67 wounded. The enemy, unable to stand against this gallant little band of defenders, fled, leaving a large number of dead and wounded on the field. The regiment then joined Sherman, accompanied him to the sea and up through the Carolinas, participating in the battles of Salkahatchie swamp, Bentonville and Columbia. It was mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 9, 1865.

The Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 81 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 174 Enlisted men by disease. Total 266.

FIELD OFFICERS:

Cols., John Cook, Andrew J. Babcock, Richard Rowett ; Lieut. -Cols., Andrew J. Babcock, Nicholas Greusel, Richard Rowett, Hector Perrin; Majs., Nicholas Greusel, Richard Rowett, James Monroe, George H. Estabrook, Edward S. Johnson.

ASSIGNMENTS:

Attached to District of Cairo to October, 1861. Cook's 4th Brigade, District of Cairo, to February, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of West Tennessee, and Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Dept. of the Tennessee, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, District of Corinth, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865. SERVICE:

Moved to Ironton, Mo., thence to Cape Girardeau, Mo., August 23, 1861. Duty there and at Fort Holt, Ky., until February, 1862. Expedition toward Columbus, Ky., September 21-22, 1861. Skirmish at Mansfield's Creek September 22. Expedition to Elliott's Mills during Belmont November 6-7. Reconnaissance of Columbus, Ky., January 13-20, 1862. Movements against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Expedition to Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn., February 19-21. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., arriving there March 22. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 11. Duty at Corinth, Miss., until October. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Hatchie River October 5-12. Duty at Corinth until April, 1863. Dodge's Expedition to Intercept Forest, and operations in West Tennessee, December 18, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Dodge's Expedition to Northern Alabama April 15-May 8. Iuka, Miss., April 16. Great Bear Creek, Cherokee Station and Lundy's Lane April 17. Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, April 22. Tuscumbia April 23. Town Creek April 28. Guard Railroad from Bethel to Jackson, Tenn., May 12 to June 8. Regiment mounted June 18 and engaged in scout and patrol duty through West Tennessee until October, participating in numerous expeditions and skirmishes. Expedition from Corinth to Henderson, Tenn., September 11-16. Skirmish at Clark's Creek Church September 13. Henderson's Station September 14. Expedition into West Tennessee September 27-October 1. Swallow's Bluff September 30. At Chewalla October 4-26. Moved to Iuka October 26, thence marched to Pulaski, Tenn., November 1-12. Scout to Lawrenceburg November 17-19. Scout duty around Pulaski until December 22. Skirmishes near Florence December 1. Near Eastport December 2. Scout to Florence December 11-17. Shoal Creek, near Wayland Springs, December 12. Regiment Veteranize December 22 and mustered in as Veterans January 5, 1864. Veterans on furlough January and February, 1864. Return to Pulaski February 23-27. Duty at Florence, Ala., patrolling Tennessee River until June. At Florence, Sweetwater and Centre Store until June 14. Repulse of Roddy's attack on Florence May 7. Decatur May 8. Pulaski May 13. Regiment dismounted and moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., June 14-17, thence to Tilton, Ga., and patrol Railroad from Dalton to Resaca, Ga., until July 7. Moved to Rome, Ga., July 7, and duty there until October. (Non-Veterans mustered out July 29, 1864.) Action at Etowah River September 15. Operations against Hood September 29-November 3. Defense of Allatoona Pass October 4-5. Reconnaissance from Rome on Cave Springs Road and skirmishes October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Regiment remounted November 21. Ogeechee Canal December 9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Hinesville December 16. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Hickory Hill, S.C., February 1. Salkehatchie Swamps February 2-5. Fishburn's Plantation, near Lane's Bridge, Salkehatchie, February 6. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 11-12. Columbia February 15-17. Lynch's Creek February 26. Cheraw March 2-3. Expedition from Cheraw to Florence and skirmishes March 4-6. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24, and of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there until July. Mustered out July 9, 1865.

ROSTERS:

Field Staff and Band
Company A - Kane County
Company B - Coles County
2nd Company B - Peoria and Stark County
Company C - Kane County
Company D - Alexander, Logan and Montgomery Counties
2nd Company D - Pike County
Company E - Logan County
Company F - Macoupin County
Company G - Fayette and Sangamon Counties
2nd Company G - Pike County
Company H - Logan County
Company I - Sangamon County
Company K - Macoupin County

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion

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