1st Battery, Indiana Light Artillery





HISTORICAL NOTES:

This battery was organized at Evansville and was mustered into the U. S. service Aug. 16, 1861. Its first service was with Gen. Fremont in Missouri, assisting in the capture of 950 prisoners at Blackwater creek in December. Late in Jan., 1862, as part of Gen. Jeff C. Davis' division, it moved toward Springfield, encountering the Confederates under Gen. Price and pursuing them to Cross Hollow, Ark. It was next in the operations against Gen. Van Dom, and was active in the battles of Leetown, Elkhorn Tavern and Pea Ridge. It then encamped at Cross Timbers for about a month, when it moved toward Forsyth, over the Ozark mountains to Sulphur Rock, where it remained until late in June, when it marched to Helena, Ark., reaching there July 13. In October it was ordered to Ironton, Mo., and marched from there through southeastern Missouri to Milliken's bend in March, 1863, where it was assigned to the 13th Army corps. It was engaged at Port Gibson, Champion's Hill and the Big Black river, after which it went into position in the front of Vicksburg, where it was engaged until the surrender. It took part in the siege of Jackson and after its evacuation it returned to Vicksburg and went into camp. It moved to New Orleans in August and accompanied Gen. Franklin's expedition into the Teche country in the fall. In early March, 1864, the battery moved with Banks' expedition up the Red river, taking part in the battles of Sabine cross-roads and Yellow Bayou. When the army fell back to Grand Ecore the battery was assigned to the 16th corps and was engaged daily in repelling the enemy's constant attacks upon the retiring army until Morganza was reached, when it returned to its old corps and proceeded to New Orleans. Capt. Klauss having resigned, First-Lieut. Lawrence Jacoby of the 1st Mo. artillery, was promoted captain, and a number of the men reeenlisted as veterans at New Orleans. The non-veterans returned home in the fall of 1864 and were mustered out at Indianapolis. The battery took an active part in the siege and capture of Spanish Fort, near Mobile, in the spring of 1865; moved to Montgomery after the surrender of Mobile and remained there until ordered home for muster out. It was mustered out on Aug. 22, 1865.

The Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 31 Enlisted men by disease. Total 35.


ASSIGNMENTS:


Attached to Fremont's Army of the West and Dept. of Missouri to January, 1862. Artillery, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to May, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, Army of Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, District of Southeast Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to March, 1863. Artillery, 14th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept. of the Gulf to September, 1863. District of Lafourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1864. Artillery, 4th Division, 13th Army Corps. to July, 1864. Artillery, Reserve Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. Artillery Brigade, 16th Army Corps, Military Division West Mississippi, to August, 1865.

OFFICERS:


Capt., Martin Klauss

SERVICE:


Fremont's Advance on Springfield,Mo., September 27-October 3, 1861. Camp at LaMine till January, 1862. Advance on Springfield, Mo., in pursuit of Price January 25-February 14. Pursuit of Price into Arkansas February 15-29. Battles of Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6-8. March to Sugar Creek March 10, thence to Cross Timbers March 15. March to Batesville April 5-May 3. March to Helena, Ark., May 25-July 14, and duty there till October. Moved to Ironton, Pilot Knob, Mo., and operations in Milliken's Bend, La., March 14-25, and duty there till April 25. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Thompson's Hill, Port Gibson, May 1. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., May 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Duty at Vicksburg till August 20. Ordered to New Orleans, La. Duty there and at Brashear City till October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 30. Duty in the District of LaFourche, La., till March, 1864. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Battle of Sabine Cross Roads April 8. Cane River Crossing April 23. At Alexandria April 27-May 13. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Moved to New Orleans and duty there till March, 1865. Campaign against Mobile, Ala., and its defences March 17-April 12. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Fort Blakely April 9. Capture of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25, and duty there till August. Mustered out August 22, 1865.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:


REFERENCES:

REF: Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
Federal Publishing Company. The Union Army.

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