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1st Regiment, Indiana Heavy Artillery
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HISTORICAL NOTES:

This regiment was organized at Indianapolis and was mustered in July 24, 1861. It left the state a week later for Baltimore where it remained until Feb. 19, 1863, participating in Gen. Lockwood's expedition to the eastern shore of Virginia. It then moved for Newport News, from which place it sailed with Butler's expedition, and was on the "Great Republic," off the mouth of the Southwest Pass during the bombardments of Forts St. Philip and Jackson. A portion of the regiment landed in the rear of St. Philip and waded across to the quarantine, the balance going up the Mississippi to New Orleans, being the first of the army to land. It went into camp at Algiers, and captured several steamers on Red river. The regiment was landed at Baton Rouge, June 1, and in the battle at that place Aug. 5, it fought an entire brigade for three and one-half hours, losing 126 men. At Des Allemands in September it killed 12 of Walters' Texas Rangers and captured 30 prisoners. It was at Berwick bay from Oct., 1862, to Feb. 1863. Part of the regiment was transferred to gunboats, being in engagements almost daily with the iron-clad Cotton; accompanied Weitzel's advance up Bayou Teche, and was in the fight at Comet's bridge and the destruction of the Cotton. Col. McMillan was appointed brigadier-general on Nov. 29, and Lieut-Col. Keith was commissioned colonel. In Feb., 1863, the regiment was transferred to heavy artillery service and designated 1st heavy artillery, two additional companies being organized and attached later in the year. Part of the regiment accompanied Gen. Banks up the Teche, participating in the second battle at Fort Bisland. Later all but two companies moved to Port Hudson, and participated in the siege for 42 days. One company was in a desperate fight at La Fourche crossing in June and Co. F. was captured at Brashear City. In August three companies accompanied the Sabine Pass expedition and were in the engagement at that point. The greater number of the regiment reenlisted during the winter of 1863-4, and were given a furlough. Cos. G and H bore an active part in the Red River expedition in 1864, and were stationed at different points in the Department of the Gulf during the remainder of the year. Six batteries of the 1st participated in the investment of Mobile and the reduction of Forts Morgan, Gaines and Spanish Fort in April, 1865. At the close of active operations the batteries were assigned to duty in Forts Morgan, Pickens and Barrancas, in the works at Baton Rouge, and at other points of river defense, until mustered out Jan. 13, 1866. The original strength was 1,363; gain by recruits, 1,332 ; reenlistments, 448; unassigned recruits, 696; total, 3,839. Loss by death, 392; desertion, 228; unaccounted for, 200.

ASSIGNMENTS:

Left State for Baltimore, Md., July 31, and duty in the Defences of that city till February 19, 1862. Attached to Dix's Division, Baltimore, Md., to February, 1862. Butler's New Orleans Expedition to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. Independent Command, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. Unattached, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1863. Designation changed to 1st Heavy Artillery February, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, to August, 1863. District of Baton Rouge, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. Unattached, 19th Army Corps, and Unattached, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1866.

OFFICERS:

Cols., James W. McMillan, John A. Keith, Benjamin F. Hayes; Lieut. -Cols., John A. Keith, Benjamin F. Hayes, William Roy, James W. Connelly; Majs., Benjamin F. Hayes, William Roy, James Grimsley, Edward McLaflin, John W. Day, James W. Connelly, Isaac C. Hendricks, Samuel E. Armstrong.

SERVICE:

Expedition to Eastern Shore of Maryland November 14-22, 1861. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 19, 1862; thence sailed on Steamer "Constitution" for Ship Island, Miss., March 4-13. Duty at Ship Island till April 14. Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson April 14-28. Occupation of New Orleans May 1 (first Regiment to land). Camp at Algiers till May 30. Expedition to New Orleans and Jackson R.. R. May 9-10. Moved to Baton Rouge May 30, and duty there till August 20. Battle of Baton Rouge, La., August 5. Evacuation of Baton Rouge August 20. Camp at Carrollton till October. Action at Bayou des Allemands September 4-5. Expedition from Carrollton to St. Charles Court House September 7-8. Skirmish near St. Charles Court House September 8. Expedition from Carrollton to Donaldsonville and skirmish October 21-25. Duty at Berwick Bay till February, 1863. Bayou Teche November 3, 1862. Action with Steamer "Cotton" Bayou Teche January 14, 1863. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 19. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Fort Bisland April 12-14. Advance on Port Hudson May 20-24. Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Lafourche Crossing June 20-21 (Co. "F"). Brashear City June 23 (Co. "F"). Expedition to Sabine Pass, Texas, September 4-11 (Detachment). Garrison duty at New Orleans, Baton Rouge and at various points in the Dept. of the Gulf till February, 1865. Companies "L" and "M" organized August 12 to November 2, 1863. Red River Campaign March to May, 1864 (Cos. "G" and "II"). Blair's Landing April 12-13 (Detachment). Monett's Ferry, Cane River Crossing, April 23 (Detachment). Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Operations in Mobile Bay, Ala., against Forts Gaines and Morgan August 2-23 (Cos. "B," "F," "H" and "K"). Siege and capture of Fort Gaines August 3-8. Siege and capture of Fort Morgan August 8-23. At New Orleans, La., till March, 1865. Campaign against Mobile, Ala., and its defences March 17-April 12, 1865. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12, and duty there till June 24. Garrison duty till January, 1866. Companies "B" and "C" at Fort Morgan, "H" and "K" at Fort Gaines, "F" and "L" at Barrancas, Fla.; "I" and "M" at Fort Pickens, Fla.; "A," "E" and "G" at Baton Rouge, La., and "D" at Port Hudson, La. Mustered out at Baton Rouge, La., January 10, 1866.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

REF: Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
Federal Publishing Company. The Union Army.

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Historical Sketch and Roster of the 1st Regiment, Indiana Heavy Artillery
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