Louisiana 1st Infantry Regiment (Nelligan's)


The Louisiana 1st Volunteers Infantry Regiment completed its organization in April, 1861, at New Orleans, Louisiana. Its companies were from Alexandria, New Orleans, and Shreveport. Ordered to Virginia, the unit served in the Department of Norfolk, then was assigned to A.R. Wright's, Starke's, Nicholl's, Iverson's, Stafford's, and York's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It participated in the many difficult campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor , marched with Early to the Shenandoah Valley, and ended the war at Appomattox . The regiment reported 214 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 71 at Sharpsburg , and 8 at Fredericksburg . It lost thirty-seven percent of the 125 at Chancellorsville , twenty-three percent of the 172 at Gettysburg , and twenty-five percent of the 112 at Mine Run . The 1st surrendered with only 1 officer and 18 men.


Colonels Albert C. Blanchard, Samuel R. Harrison, William R. Shivers, and W.G. Vincent; Lieutenant Colonels James Nelligan and Michael Nolan; and Majors Charles E. Cormier and J.C. Wise.


Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862)
King's School House (June 25, 1862)
Malvern Hill (July l, 1862)
Cedar Mountain (August 9, 1862)
2nd Bull Run or Second Manassas (August 28-30, 1862)
Antietam or Sharpsburg (September 17, 1862)
Shepherdstown Ford (September 20, 1862)
Fredericksburg (December 13,1862)
Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863)
2nd Winchester (June 14-15, 1863)
Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)
Bristoe Campaign (October 1863)
Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863)
Payne's Farm (November 27, 1863)
The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864)
Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864)
North Anna (May 23-26, 1864)
Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864)
Lynchburg Campaign (May ' June 1864)
Monocacy (July 9, 1864)
Kernstown (July 24, 1864)
Shepherdstown (August 25, 1864)
3rd Winchester (September 19, 1864)
Fisher's Hill (September 22, 1864)
Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
Hatcher's Run (February 5-7, 1865)
Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865)
Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865)
Sayler's Creek (April 6, 1865)
Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

The composite roster of this regiment contains the names of 2024 men.

Company A ~ Caddo Rifles
Company B ~ 1st identified as Louisiana Guards Company B
Company B ~ 2nd identified as Red River Rebels
Company C ~ 1st identified as Louisiana Guards Company C
Company C ~ 2nd identified as Slocumb Rifles
Company D ~ Emmet Guards
Company E ~ Montgomery Guards
Company F ~ Orleans Light Guards Company D
Company G ~ Orleans Light Guards Company B
Company H ~ 1st identified as Davis Guards
Company H ~ 2nd identified as Askew Guards Company B
Company H ~ 3rd identified as Shreveport Greys
Company I ~ Orleans Light Guards Company A
Company K ~ Orleans Light Guards Company C
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