Mississippi 33rd Infantry Regiment



HISTORICAL NOTES:
The Mississippi 33rd Infantry Regiment was organized at Grenada, and field officers elected April 17, 1862. The companies were enlisted for the war. It was reported as assigned to the brigade of Gen. S. A. M. Wood, in the army at Corinth, with an effective total, April 26, of 378. June 12 the regiment was at Grenada; present, 669, absent, 310; no arms but 379 condemned muskets. Corinth had then been evacuated, and the army had fallen back to Tupelo.

Brig.-Gen. John B. Villepigue's command at Abbeville and Grenada, in June, 1862, included the Thirty-third and Thirty-ninth Mississippi Regiments, Fourteenth Artillery Battalion, First Mississippi Cavalry, company of partisan rangers, besides troops from other States. His staff was Capt. Kinloch Falconer, Adjutant-General; Capt. Thomas M. LeBaron, Quartermaster; Capt. Bolton Mickle, Paymaster; Dr. W. W. Hart, Principal Surgeon; Capt. George West, Commissary; Lieut. G. W. Simpson, Inspector-General; Lieut. H. T. Scott, Ordnance Officer; Lieut. G. O, Watts, Chief Engineer.

The Thirty-third and Thirty-ninth composed the brigade of General Villepigue in the attack upon Rosecrans at Corinth, October 3-5, 1862. The Thirty-third is mentioned by Maj.-Gen. Mansfield Lovell, Division Commander, as one of the regiments particularly distinguished in carrying the outer line of rifle pits and the hill on which was posted a Federal battery, capturing a Parrot gun, the "Lady Richardson." In his report Villepigue said: "I wish to mention for conspicuous gallantry Col. D. W. Hurst, Thirty-third Mississippi Regiment, who drove the enemy from their intrenchments at the head of his regiment with empty guns." Mansfield's Division did not assault on the 4th, but when Price fell back after his assault, "Villepigue crossed the railroad and with his artillery, under Major Watts, put an effectual check upon the pursuit of the enemy's cavalry." (Lovell). On the 5th Villepigue, at the Hatchie bridge, held the pursuing Federals in check with his skirmish line. Villepigue gave honorable mention to members of his staff: Capt. Kinloch Falconer, Adjutant-General; Major J. P. Carr, Acting Commissary, and Captain

Belton Mickle, Quartermaster. The casualties of the brigade were 21 killed, 76 wounded, 71 missing.

Villepigue's Brigade was ordered to Louisiana, where Villepigue died on the march to Port Hudson, November 9, 1862. Later in November and December Grant advanced from Memphis, on the Central Railroad; a campaign marked by the battle of Coffeeville, December 5, and Van Dorn's raid to Holly Springs. In January, 1863, the brigade, including the Thirty-third, was under the command of General Rust, of Arkansas. Later the regiment was part of Featherston's Brigade. Featherston was ordered to Snyder's Bluff, March 19, on account of the reconnaissance by Sherman's troops and Porter's gunboats from Steele's Bayou to Rolling Fork and Deer Creek. He took the Twenty-second and Thirty-third Regiments and a battery, under command of Colonel Hurst, up to the junction of Rolling Fork and Deer Creek, skirmished there April 20, and followed the boats as they slowly pushed through the willow-lined bayous. April 25 the two Mississippi Regiments were in a skirmish with Sherman's troops and troops were landed from the boats to cut them off, but they retired without loss. Being transferred by steamer to Fort Pemberton, they were ordered back to Edwards May 2, to meet Grant's movement south of Vicksburg.

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Battle Flag of 33rd Mississippi Infantry Regiment
Collection of the Old Capitol Museum of Mississippi History, Jackson, MS.
This battle flag of the 33rd was captured by the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment 20 Jul 1864, at the Battle of Peach Tree Creek. It is the Second National pattern, a white field with the square Army of Northern Virginia battle flag in the canton. The canton is red with dark blue diagonal stripes with white stars along the stripes. The flag was returned to the state of Mississippi 25 Mar 1905.
FIELD OFFICERS:
Colonels -- David W. Hurst, Jabez L. Drake, killed at Peachtree Creek.
Lieutenant-Colonels -- William B. Johnson, Jabez L. Drake, promoted January 5, 1864;
Harrod, Lieut. Col. John
Hall, Maj. Robert J.


BATTLES:
20 JUL 1864 - Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, GA


ROSTERS:
Company A Cumberland Guards - Neshoba County
Company B Amite Guards - Amite County
Company C Johnson Guards - Johnson (Lawrence?) County
Company D Franklin Guards - Franklin County
Company E Holmesville Guards - Pike County
Company F Leake Rebels - Leake County
Company G Davis Guards [Jeff Davis Browns] - Choctaw County
Company H Rebel Avengers Coahoma County
Company I Mississippi Defenders - Panola County
Company K Amite Defenders - Amite County
BIBLIOGRAPHY


REFERENCES:
Howell, H. Grady. For Dixie Land I'll Take My Stand
Rowland, Dunbar. Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898
home.att.net/~captnerdo/33rd.htm