The Civil War in North Carolina

Reminiscences and Memoirs of North Carolina and Eminent North Carolinians

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        Shortly after this Mr. Lincoln issued his call for troops. A convention was called and General Scales was put forward as a candidate but he declined, saying: "That every man who was able should go to the field and that there might be perfect unanimity at home, he advised the election of Dr. Brodnax and Governor Reid, since their age would prevent their service in the field.

        Gen. Scales volunteered at the beginning of the war as a private, but was at once elected Captain of his company. He was subsequently promoted to be Colonel, and then to be Brigadier-General. He was in the battle of Williamsburg, those around Richamond, the battle of Fredericksburg (in which Gen. Pender was wounded and Gen. Scales, as senior Colonel took command of the brigade.) He was also in the battle of Chancellorsville, where he was severely wounded, and for his gallantry and coolness on that field received a high tribute from the gallant General Pender. He took part in the battle of Gettysburg and was again severly wounded and again received the encomiums of his division commander, General Pender, who died from wounds received in that battle. In the same ambulance they were borne to Staunton, Va. He was in the battles from Orange C. H. to Petersburg, and in many skirmishes. He returned to his profession when the civil war had ended, and was a candidate for the convention called to change our State Constitution, and was elected, but the convention was not ordered by a majority of the people. In 1872 he was prominently urged to make the canvass for the Governorship, but was compelled to decline, because of his disabilities. He was elected a member of the 44th, 45th, 46th, and 47th Congresses, (1874 to 1881.) In the two last named he has served as chairman on Indian Affairs.

        We have thus given a faithful detail of the services of General Scales. The advice of the Roman philosopher to the historian, is that it is not lawful to extol too much, because some future act may mar the record, but we sincerely say that a more sincere, patriotic and pure public man does not exist in this or any other country. No one doubts where to find him; he is in the foremost van, when his country, or her interests, or honor is at stake. Cautious and courteous, he is calm and considerate in council, and when resolved is as firm and devoted in action. No one has a firmer seat in the affections of his constituents, or could command greater respect of his colleagues in Congress, and when he speaks is listened to with proper respect. His reports on various important questions are valuable state-papers, showing eminent ability, research and the early training of a judicial mind

        [He was re-elected to the 48th Congress, receiving 12,532 votes to 9,932 votes for Winston, liberal.

        At the election held November 4th, 1884, General Scales was elected Governor of the State, receiving 143,249 votes against Dr. Tyre Yorke's 123,010, a majoity of 20,239.]--Ed.

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