27th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry

Historical Notes:
The North Carolina 27th Infantry Regiment was formed at New Bern, North Carolina, in June, 1861, as the 9th Regiment. Reorganized in September as the 17th, its designation was later changed to the 27th. Men of this unit were recruited in Orange, Guilford, Wayne, Pitt, Lenoir, Perquimans, and Jones counties. It was assigned to General R. Ransom's, J.G. Walker's, and Cooke's Brigade. After fighting at New Bern , the 27th saw action in the Seven Days' Battles and at Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg . During the spring and summer of 1863 it served in North Carolina, South Carolina, and in the Richmond area. The unit continued the fight at Bristoe, The Wilderness , Spotsylvania , and Cold Harbor , and later endured the hardships of the Petersburg siege south of the James River. It ended the war at Appomattox . It had 6 wounded at Malvern Hill , lost sixty-three percent of the 325 engaged at Sharpsburg, and had 2 killed and 13 wounded at Fredericksburg. Seventy percent of the 416 at Bristoe were disabled, and when the regiment surrendered, it had 9 officers and 103 men. Officers:
Colonels:
• John R. Cooke
• John A. Gilmer, Jr.
• George B. Singeltary
• John Sloan
• George F. Whitfield
• Col. Richard W. Singeltary
Lieutenant Colonels:
• Richard W. Singeltary
• Thomas C. Singeltary
• Joseph C. Webb
Major:
• Calvin Herring.
Assignments:
Department of North Carolina (September 1861)
District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina (September 1861-March 1862)
French's Brigade, District of the Pamlico, Department of North Carolina (March 1862)
French's-Ransom's Brigade, Department of North Carolina (April-May 1862)
Walker's Brigade, Department of North Carolina (June-August 1862)
Walker's-Cooke's Brigade, Walker's-Ransom's Divison, 1st Crops, Army of Northern Virginia (September 1862-January 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, 3rd Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida (February-April 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, District of the Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia (April-May 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, Department of North Carolina (May-June 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, Department of Richmond (June-September 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (September-October 1863)
Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (October 1863-April 1865)
Battles:
New Bern (March 14, 1862)
Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862)
Malvern Cliff (June 30, 1862)
Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862)
Harpers Ferry (September 12-15, 1862)
Antietam (September 17, 1862)
Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
Gum Swamp (May 22, 1863)
South Anna Bridge (July 4, 1863)
Bristoe Campaign (October-November 1863)
Bristoe Station (October 14, 1863)
Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863)
The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864)
Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864)
North Anna (May 22-26, 1864)
Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864)
Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
Globe Tavern (August 18-21, 1864)
Reams' Station (August 25, 1864)
Jones' Farm (September 30, 1864)
Squirrel Level Road (September 30, 1864)
Harman Road (October 2, 1864)
Hatcher's Run (February 5-7, 1865)
Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865)
Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)
Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 2113 men.

Company A: “Goldsboro Rifles,” - many men from Wayne County Company B: “Guilford Grays,” - many men from Guilford County
  • Company C: “North Carolina Guards,” - many men from Lenoir County
  • Company D: “Tuckahoe Braves,” - many men from Lenoir and Duplin Counties
  • Company E: “Marlboro Guards,” - many men from Pitt County
  • Company F: “Perquimans Beauregards,” - many men from Perquimans County
  • Company G: “Orange Guards, - many men from Orange County
  • Company H: “Pitt Volunteers,” - many men from Pitt County
  • Company I: “Southern Rights Infantry, - many men from Jones and Onslow Counties
  • Company K: “Saulston Volunteers,” - many men from Wayne County[3]
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