The North Carolina 37th Infantry Regiment, organized by Colonel C.C. Lee, was assembled at High Point, North Carolina, in November, 1861. The men were raised in the counties of Buncombe, Watauga, Mecklenburg, Wake, Ashe, Alexander, and Gaston. The unit fought at New Bern , then moved to Virginia in the psring of 1862. It was assigned to General Branch's and Lane's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 37th saw action at Hanover Court House and particpated in many campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor . It continued the fight in the Petersburg trenches and around Appomattox . This regiment reported 125 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 15 at Cedar Mountain , 81 at Second Manassas , 93 at Fredericksburg , and 235 at Chancellorsville . Of the 379 engaged at Gettysburg , more than thirty percent were disabled. It surrendered 10 officers and 98 men.
William M. Barbour
Charles C. Lee
John B. Ashcraft
Charles N. Hickerson
William G. Morris
Jackson L. Bost
Owen N. Brown
John G. Bryan
Rufus M. Rankin
William R. Rankin Assignments:
General Branch's and Lane's Brigade
Nov. 21, 1861 Mustered in for 12 month, state service
Camp Fisher, near High Point, NC.
Jan. 1, 1862 Transferred to Confederate service
Camp Magnum, near Raleigh, NC.
Jan. 10, 1862 Ordered to New Bern, Camp Tadpole.
Feb. 11, 1862 Moved to Camp Lee.
Mar. 13, 1862 Battle of New Bern, NC
Mar. 17, 1862 Assigned to the brigade of Gen. Lawrence O. Branch Branch’s Brigade
Mar. 21, 1862 Transferred to Camp Relief, Kinston, NC
Apr. 1, 1862 Returned to Kinston
May 5, 1862 Transferred to Gordonsville, VA
May 27, 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House. Branch’s Brigade
Placed in Gen. A. P. Hill’s Division Hill’s Division
Jun. 26, 1862 Battle of Mechanicsville.
Jun. 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines Mill
Jun. 30, 1862 Battle of Fraysers Farm. Colonel Lee killed.
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill.
July 8, 1862 Withdrew to Richmond.
Assigned to Gen. Longstreet’s command.
July 27, 1862 Re-assigned to Jackson’s command Branch’s Brigade
Aug. 9, 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain Hill’s Division
Aug. 28-30, 1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas Jackson’s Wing/Corps
Sep. 1, 1862 Battle of Ox Hill.
Sep. 9, 1862 Investment of Harper’s Ferry.
Sep. 17, 1862 Battle of Sharpsburg. General Branch killed.
Sep. 20, 1862 Battle of Shepherdstown.
Dec. 13, 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg. Lane’s Brigade
May 2-4, 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville Jackson’s Corps
May 7, 1863 Return to Camp Moss
Jun. 3, 1863 Start of Gettysburg Campaign Lane’s Brigade
Jul. 1-3, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Pender’s Division
Jul. 13, 1863 Battle of Falling Waters Hill’s Corps
Nov. 7, 1863 Battle of Kelly’s Ford
Nov. 29, 1863 Battle of Kelly’s Ford Lane’s Brigade
Dec. 1863-May 1864 Winter Camp, Liberty Mills Wilcox’s Division
May 4-7, 1864 Battle of the Wilderness Hill’s Corps
May 12, 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23, 1864 Battle of Jericho Mills
Jun. 1, 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor
Jun. 18, 1864 Petersburg, Jerusalem Plank Road
Jun. 25, 1864 Battle of Gravel Hill
Aug. 16, 1864 Battle of Fussell’s Mill
Aug. 25, 1864 Battle of Reams Station
Sep. 30, 1864 Battle of Jones Farm
Nov. 1864 – Apr. 1865 Winter Quarters
Dec. 8, 1864 Battle of Jarratt’s Station
Feb. 5, 1865 Battle of Hatcher’s Run
Apr. 2, 1865 Battle of Petersburg/Battery Gregg
Apr. 4, 1865 Battle of Amelia Court House
Apr. 9, 1865 Surrender at Appomattox Court House. Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 3114 men.
Company A - Ashe County
Company B- Watauga County
Company C- Mecklenburg County
Company D- Union County
Company E- Watauga & Alexander County
Company F- Wilkes County
Company G- Alexander County
Company H- Gaston County
Company I- Mecklenburg County
Company K- Alleghany County Bibliography for Research: