The North Carolina 38th Infantry Regiment completed its organization in January, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina. Its members were recruited in the counties of Duplin, Tadkin, Sampson, Richmond, Catawba, Alexander, Randolph, Cleveland, and Cumberland. Ordered to Virginia, the unit was assigned to General Pender's and Scales' Brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many conflicts from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then took its place in the Petersburg trenches and saw action in the Appomattox Campaign. The regiment lost thirty-six percent of the 420 at Mechanicsville, had 2 killed and 22 wounded at Second Manassas, and had 14 wounded at Fredericksburg. Its casualties were 20 killed, 77 wounded, and 11 missing at Chancellorsville, and of the 216 engaged at Gettysburg, more than forty percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 21 officers and 110 men.
• Hoke, William J.
• Hardister, A. S.
• Hardister, A. S.
• Cowles, Miles M.
• Young, Peter W.
• Darden, James H.
• McDowell, J. F.
• Richards, John S.
• Edwards, William R.
• Hambright, A.F.
• McDiarmid, Whitfield S.
Acting Commissary of Subsistence.
• Sumner, Benjamin H. Assignments:
J. R. Anderson's Brigade, Department of North Carolina (April-May 1862)
J. R. Anderson's Brigade, Department of Northern Virginia (May 1862)
J. R. Anderson's Brigade, A. P. Hill's Division, Army of Northern Virginia (May-June l862)
J. R. Anderson's-Pender’s and Scale’s Brigade, A. P. Hill's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (June-July 1862) Battles:
Seven Day Battles - June 25- July 1, 1862
Gaines Mill- June 27 1862
White Oak Swamp -June 30 1862
Malvern Hill -July 1 1862
South Mountain -Sept. 14 1862
Antietam- Sept. 17 1862
Fredricksburg -Dec.13 1862
Chancellorsville- May 1- 4 1863
Gettysburg- July 1-3 1863
Falling Waters- July 10 1863
Bristoe Campaign- Oct-Dec 1863
Mine Run Campaign- Nov.- Dec. 1863
The Wilderness - May 5-6 1864
Spotsylvania Court House - May 8-21 1864
North Anna- May 22-26 1864
Cold Harbor- June 1-3 1864
Petersburg Seige- June 1864- April 1865
Globe Tavern- August 18- 21 1864
Ream's Station Aug. 25 1864
Fort Harrison Sept 29-30 1864
Jones Farm Sept.30 1864
Hatchers Run Feb. 5 - 7 1865
Appomattox Court House April 9 1865 Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 2146 men.
Co. A, Spartan Band
Co. B, Men of Yadkin Teen Blackburn
Co. C, Sampson Farmers
Co. D, Sempson Ploughboys
Co. E, Capt. Oliver H. Dockery's Co, Richmond Boys
Co. F, Capt. Joshua B. Little's Co, Sulphur Wild Cats
Co. G, Capt. Geo. W. Sharpe's Co, Rocky Face Rangers
Co. H, Capt. Noah Rush's Co, Uwharrie Boys
Co. I, Capt. O. P. Gardner's Co, The Cleveland Marksmen
Co. K, Capt. M. McR. McLauchlin's Co, Carolina Boys Bibliography for Research: