The North Carolina 1st Infantry Regiment was organized at the race track near Warrenton, North Carolina, during the spring of 1861. Its members were recruited in the counties of Chowan, Wilkes, New Hanover, Orange, Lincoln, Hertford, Northampton, Washington, Martin, Wake, and Halifax. In July it was mustered into Confederate service with more than 1,500 officers and men and ordered to Virginia. It surrendered 10 officers and 61 men in April, 1865.
Brown, Hamilton A. - Colonel
McDowell, John A. - Colonel
Stokes, Montfort S. - Colonel
Harrell, Jarrett N. - Colonel
Ransom, Matthew W. - Lieutenant Colonel
Hines, James S. - Major
Latham, L. C. - Major
Skinner, Tristam L. - Major Assignments:
The regiment was brigaded under General Ripley, Colston, Steuart, and Cox.
This regiment participated in the campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, was with Early in the Shenandoah Valley, and shared in the Appomattox operations. They reported 142 casualties at Mechanicsville , 75 at Malvern Hill , 160 at South Mountain and Sharpsburg , and 15 at Fredericksburg. It lost 34 killed and 83 wounded at Chancellorsville and forty percent of the 377 at Gettysburg .
The roster of this unit contains the names of 2884 men.
Company A - "Albemarle Guards" - Chowan County
Company B - "Wilkes Volunteers" - Wilkes County
Company C - "Lillington Rifle Guards" - Harnett County
Company D - Lincoln County and Orange County
Company E - New Hanover County
Company F - "Hertford Greys" - Hertford County
Company G - "Washington Volunteers" - Washington County