New Hampshire 10th Infantry Regiment
The 10th regiment was organized from the state at large for three years' service, and was mustered in from Aug. 6 to Sept. 18, 1862, at Manchester. The original members were mustered out on June 21, 1865, at Richmond, Va., and the recruits were assigned to the 2nd N. H. infantry. The original members and recruits numbered 1,333 and its loss by death was 198 men. The 10th left the state for Washington on Sept 22, 1862, and saw its first fighting in the Army of the Potomac, Nov. 15, while crossing the Rappahannock. On Dec. 11 it entered Fredericksburg and joined in an attack on Marye's heights with the 13th N. H. After three months at Fredericksburg and a month at Newport News, it was ordered to Suffolk, Va. At Hill's point a battery was captured, at Littlepage's bridge on the Pamunkey there was a sharp fight, and on July 30 the regiment went into camp at Julian's creek, where it spent the winter of 1863-64. In April it was assigned to the Army of the James and went to Bermuda Hundred. Active engagements followed at Port Walthall Junction, Va., Swift creek, Proctor's and Kingsland creeks, and Drewry's bluff. Lieut.-Col. Coughlin won a medal at Swift creek for distinguished gallantry in action, May 9, 1864. At Cold Harbor the regiment was in the front line, June 1-12, when it was removed to the rear and returned to Bermuda Hundred. On June 15 it left camp for Petersburg and that day aided in the capture of Battery No. 5. The next day Cos. A, E and K made an assault in which the prisoners captured outnumbered the attacking party. The regiment was engaged in the siege of Petersburg until Aug. 27, and from Sept. 28 to Oct. 1, was engaged in the capture and defense of Fort Harrison. Late in October it was withdrawn from that place and on the 27th participated in a bloody encounter near Fair Oaks, where it suffered heavy losses. Returning to Fort Harrison it spent the winter of 1864-65 there, when it was ordered to Richmond and remained there from April 3, 1865, to June 21, when it was mustered out and returned home.
Col., Michael T. Donahue; Lieut.-Col., John Coughlin; Majs., Jesse F. Angell, Timothy B. Crowley.
Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Getty's Division, United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1865.
Duty at Pleasant Valley, Md., till October 27, 1862. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign ("Mud March") January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 9, thence to Norfolk and Suffolk March 14. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Battery Huger, Hill's Point, April 19. Reconnoissance across Nansemond River May 4. Moved to Portsmouth May 13, thence to Yorktown, Va. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Moved to Portsmouth July 8-14, and to Julien Creek July 30. Duty there till March 19, 1864. Ballahock, on Bear Quarter Road, and Deep Creek, February 29-March 1, 1864. Moved to Great Bridge March 19, thence to Yorktown April 19. Butler's operations on south side of the James River against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthall Junction May 7. Chester Station May 7. Swift Creek (or Arrowfield Church) May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred June 17-27. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor May 27-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 15, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30, 1864. Fort Harrison September 28-29. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in lines north of James River before Richmond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Provost duty at Manchester till June 21. Mustered out June 21, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 2nd New Hampshire Infantry.
The compiled service records of this unit contains 1895 men.
Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion