This regiment, composed of men from Rockingham, Hillsboro, Strafford, Grafton, Merrimack, Carroll and Coos counties, was mustered into the service for three years, at Concord, Sept. 12 to Oct. 9, 1862. The original members were mustered out at Richmond, Va., June 21, 1865, and the same day the recruits were transferred to the 2nd N. H. infantry. The original members and those gained by transfer numbered 1,017, recruits 255, making a total of 1,272. The 13th lost by death 180 members, of whom one-half were killed or died of wounds. The regiment arrived in Washington, Oct. 8, 1862, and was assigned to the 1st brigade, defenses of Washington, until Dec. 10, when it joined the Army of the Potomac and was first under fire at Stafford's heights. Entering Fredericksburg Dec. 11 it remained there until the 13th, when it made an assault on Marye's heights. After the battle of Fredericksburg it went into camp at the Phillips house and was there until in Feb., 1863, when it left for Newport News. It was ordered to Suffolk, Va., on March 13 and took part in raising the siege of that city. During this summer and the ensuing winter it performed many arduous and exacting duties but was not again actively engaged until May, 1864, when it was in the battles of Port Walthall Junction, Swift creek, Proctor's and Kingsland creeks, Drewry's bluff and Bermuda Hundred, all in the vicinity of Richmond, Va. The regiment lost heavily in the battle of Cold Harbor and afterward moved toward Petersburg, where it made a daring assault on Battery No. 5, succeeding in its capture. It took part in the siege of Petersburg and on Aug. 26 was ordered to Bermuda Hundred, where it remained until Sept. 28, when it was ordered to Fort Harrison. It fought bravely in the capture and defense of that fort and suffered severe losses. Its next battle was at Fair Oaks late in Oct., 1864. The regiment and its colors were among the first to enter Richmond, April 3, 1865, and it was on duty here until the end of its service.
The Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 84 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 92 Enlisted men by disease. Total 181.
Col., Aaron F. Stevens; Lieut.-Cols., George Bowers, Jacob J. Storer, William Grantman, Norman Smith; Majs., Jacob J. Storer, William Grantman, Norman Smith, Nathan D. Stoodley.
Attached to Casey's Division, Military District of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1868. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, to April, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Getty's Division, United States forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to June, 1865.
Duty near Fort Albany, Defences of Washington, till December 4, 1862. March to Falmouth, Va., December 5-9. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News, Va., February 9, thence to Suffolk March 13. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Providence Church Road, Nansemond River, May 3. Reconnoissance across the Nansemond May 4. Moved to Portsmouth May 13, thence to Yorktown. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Moved to Portsmouth July 8-14; thence to Julian Creek July 30, and duty there till March 19, 1864. Moved to Yorktown March 19. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Port Walthall Junction, Chester Station, May 6-7. Swift Creek (or Arrowfield Church) May 9-10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. Bermuda Hundred May 17-27. Moved to White House, thence to Cold Harbor, May 27-31. Battles about Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 15-19. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. In trenches before Petersburg till August 27, 1864. Mine Explosion Petersburg July 30 (Reserve). Duty on the Berumda Front till September 26. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Fort Harrison September 29. Assigned to duty as garrison at Fort Harrison. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in works before Richmond till April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. (First Regiment whose Colors were brought into tbe city.) Provost duty at Manchester till June. Mustered out June 22, 1865. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 2nd New Hampshire.
The compiled service records of this unit contains 1453 men.
Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion