HISTORICAL NOTES:

The 1st Regiment, New Hampshire Cavalry was first organized at Concord, N.H., as a Battalion of four Companies October 24 to December 21, 1861. The Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 28 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 112 Enlisted men by disease. Total 147. OFFICERS:

ASSIGNMENTS:

Attached to 1st New England Cavalry, afterward designated 1st Rhode Island Cavalry, as Companies "I," "K," "L," "M." Moved from Concord, N.H., to Pawtucket, R. I., December 22, 1861, and join Regiment. (For history to January, 1864, see 1st Rhode Island Cavalry.) Battalion detached from 1st Rhode Island Cavalry January 7, 1864, to form 1st New Hampshire Volunteer Cavalry. Moved to New Hampshire and on Veteran furlough and organizing Regiment, February to April, 1864. 7 Companies organized and ordered to Washington, D.C., April 23, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to February, 1865. Cavalry, Dept. of the Shenandoah, to July, 1865.

SERVICE:

At Camp Stoneman, D.C., until May 17, 1864. Moved to Belle Plains, Va. Guard Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg S. R., and at Belle Plains until June 6, then moved to White House. (A part of Regiment at Hanover Court House and Cold Harbor June 1-12.) Long Bridge June 12. Riddle's Shop and White Oak Swamp June 13. Smith's Store June 15. Wilson's Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30. Ream's Station June 22. Nottaway Court House and Black and White Station June 23. Staunton Bridge (or Roanoke Station) June 25. Sappony Church (or Stony Creek) June 28-29. Ream's Station June 29. On picket duty at Light House Point and City Point June 30-August 8. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Winchester August 17. Summit Station August 20-21. Berryville August 21. Kearneysville August 25. Darkesville September 3. Near Brucetown and Winchester September 7. Abram's Creek September 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Near Cedarville September 20. Front Royal September 21. Fisher's Hill September 22. Milford September 22. Waynesboro September 29 and October 2. Mt. Crawford October 2. Near Columbia Furnace October 7. Tom's Brook ("Woodstock Races") October 8-9. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Near Kernstown November 10. Newtown and Cedar Creek November 12. Rude's Hill, near Mr. Jackson, November 22. Expedition from Kernstown to Lacy Springs December 19-22. Lacy Springs December 20-21. Duty at Winchester until February, 1865. Sheridan's Raid into Virginia February 27-March 3. Waynesboro March 2. Regiment led charge on enemy's works, capturing with the sabre 1,500 prisoners, all their Artillery and the flag of every Regiment engaged. Detached from Division, to guard prisoners back to Winchester, Mt. Jackson March 4. Mt. Sidney March 5. Lacy Springs March 5. New Market March 6. Duty at and in the vicinity of Winchester, and in the Dept. of the Shenandoah, also at Poolesville, Md., July, 1865. Five Companies complete organization July, 1864, and ordered to Washington. D.C. Guard and patrol duty and operations against Mosby's guerrillas in the Defenses of Washington March, 1865. Joined Regiment in the Shenandoah Valley.

ROSTERS:

The compiled service records of this unit contains 2634 men.

Field Staff and Band

Troop A mustered in April 19, 1864. - Hillsborough County, Grafton County, Merrimack County, Sullivan County and Cheshire County - AGR page 564.

Troop B mustered in April 20, 1864. - Grafton County, Belknap County, Cheshire County, Hillsborough County and Strafford County - AGR page 567.

Troop C mustered in April 23, 1864. - Grafton County, Belknap County and other various counties - AGR page 571.

Troop D mustered in June 26, 1864. - Merrimack County and Hillsborough County - AGR page 574.

Troop E mustered in July 8, 1864. - Grafton County, Merrimack County, Belknap County and Cheshire County - AGR page 577.

Troop F mustered in July 16, 1864. - Belknap County, Merrimack County and Sullivan County - AGR page 580.

Troop G mustered in July 21, 1864. - Merrimack County, Cheshire County, Belknap County and Sullivan County - AGR page 584.

Troop H mustered in July 21, 1864. - Merrimack County, Cheshire County, Grafton County, Rockingham County and Belknap County - AGR page 587.

Troop I transfered January 7, 1864. - Merrimack County, Grafton County and Sullivan County - AGR page 590.

Troop K transfered January 7, 1864. - Cheshire County, Strafford County and Hillsborough County - AGR page 593.

Troop L transfered January 7, 1864. - Sullivan County, Grafton County, Merrimack County, and Rockingham County - AGR page 596.

Troop M transfered January 7, 1864. - Hillsborough County, Merrimack County and Rockingham County - AGR page 599.

Unassigned Recruits - AGR page 602.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

REFERENCES:

Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion

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