5th Infantry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

This was one of the first regiments organized by direction of Governor Pickens early in 1861, under authority of An Act to provide an Armed Military Force, passed by the General Assembly of South Carolina, December 17, 1860. It entered State service in April 1861, and was mustered into Confederate service at Orangeburgh, by B[arnard] E. Bee, Lieutenant Colonel, S. C. I., Mustering Officer, June 4, 1861. At the expiration of the year for which the regiment had entered service, April 13, 1862, the regiment disbanded. Colonel Jenkins then organized a regiment styled The Palmetto Sharpshooters and most of the officers and men of the disbanded Fifth joined the new regiment. Another Fifth was immediately organized, their regimental officers being appointed, or commissioned, April 23, 1862. It served in the Army of Northern Virginia until the surrender at Appomattox, April 9, 1861.

FIELD STAFF AND BAND

The following muster rolls of the Field and Staff are available and from them the succeeding roster has been compiled: Mustering in roll, dated at Orangeburgh, June 4, 1861; of non commissioned staff from April 13 to May 31, 1861; of non-commissioned staff and band, June 30, 1861, at Camp Walker; Centreville; December 31, 1862, near Fredricksburg; February 28, 1863 at Chester Station, VA., June 30, 1863, in camp near Richmond, VA.; August 31, 1864, at Petersburg, VA.; October 31, 1864, on the Williamsburg Road, received at the Adjutant General's office, Richmond, December 20, 1864; December 31, 1864, near Richmond; February 28, 1865, near Richmond, received at Adjutant and Inspector General's office, Richmond, March 17, 1865; the list (very brief) of those who were paroled at Appomattox following the surrender of Lee's army, April 9, 1865.

The muster roll for October 31, 1861, contains this memorandum:

Paid 14 Dec' for two months & clothing for second 6 months service to those to whom it was due on 31 Oct 1861.

J D. Wright
A Q M C. S. A.


The muster roll for December 31, 1862, contains the following "Record of Events":

Col. A. Coward took command of the Regiment 15th Nov" 1862. Left Culpeper C. H. Va. on 21st Nov., arrived at camp near Fredericksburg Nov. 23rd. Have changed Headquargers three times, since we arrived in the vicinity of Fredericksbury. The Regiment was not engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg.

The Following "Record of Events" is given on the muster roll of June 30, 1863:

The regiment marched from its bivouac near Suffolk Va. on the night of the 3rd May 1863 marched to its old Encampment near South Quays on the Blackwater river Va. about 23 miles arriving there on the next day. On the night of the 5th May marched from Camp about 15 miles in the direction of Blackwater Bridge where we bivouacked and returned to the camp on the 7th of May. On the morning of the 15th, May about 3 oclock we marched past Franklin and formed line of Battle about 1/4 mile of Carsville in this vicinity. (occassionally being under the fire of the enemies Artillery and infantry without being actually engaged ourselves until the night of the 16th May, when we returned to the entrenchments & picket duty until the 21st May when we returned to camp where we remained only a few hours & marched to Blackwater Bridge about 17 miles when we remained in Bivouac until 23rd May when we crossed Blackwater Bridge and marched about 5 miles to the vicinity of Windsor where we remained under the Artillery fire of the enemy occasionally until that night when we recrossed the River & bivouacked & remained there until the 26th May when we returned to our old camp. Left camp again on the 27th, marched to Franklin lay at the breastworks all day & night & on the 26th, marched to Joiners Church & remaineed until evening. When we returned to camp on the 2nd June moved our camp 10 miles up the River to Laurences Ford on the 4th June marched to Joiners Church, remained there that night on the 5th marched to Munroes Ferry on the Nottoway River where we remained in bivouac until the 7th, inst. when we marched to Murfreesboro, N. C.

Record of events which may be necessary or useful for future reference continued.

About 26 miles from Laurences Frod, reached Murfreesboro, N. C. on the evening of the 7th, inst. and there in bivouac doing picket duty until the 11th June when we marched & reached Boyakins Station on the Sarboard and Roanoak R. R. a distance of about 18 miles on the 11th June. Left Boyakins Station on the 1th, & marched to Monroes Ferry & on the next day (13th) marched to Murfees Station on same R. R. Went by rail from Murfees Station to Weldon on the 14th June & to Petersburg on the 15th., bivouacked about 3 miles from Petersburg & took R. R. on 18th., and reached Murfee Station that evening, remained there until 21st when we marched to Ivor Station on Petersburg & Norfolk R. R. about 25 miles took cars and reached Petersbury on 22nd. Camped about 3 miles from the city - left there 28th by R. R. and reached Richmond same day.

The following "Record of Events" is given on the muster roll of August 31, 1864:

Since last Muster of the Regiment performed duty on the trenches around Petersburg until 28th of July when it was moved to the north side of James River and placed in position near New Market Heights Aug. 14th, the enemy pressed our picket line - the pickets of the Brigade on the left being forced back. Ten men of Co. "I" and one of Co. "H" were captured. On 16th, the Regt. was temporarily detached from the Bridage and ordered to report to Gen, Gregg on Darby-town Road, the enemy having carried the breastworks at that point. In conjunction with three Regts of Bennings Brigade, the Regt. charged and captured the line of works. Loss was one officer killed, two wounded, six men killed, eighteen wounded. Ordered to Petersbury on the 24th of Aug. and remained in reserve until date of Muster.

A. Coward
Col.

The following "Record of Events" is given on the muster roll of October 31, 1864:

Sept. 4th left the line near Petersburg and marched to vicinity of Reams Station. The following day came back to Cox X Roads and while here assisted in erecting a line of works near the Squirrel Level Raod. We were here from the 8th to the 25th Sept. on the 29th marched form Cox X Roads to Chopins farm on this side of the James 30th, was engaged in the Ft. Harrison assault. From 1st to 5th Oct engaged in Constructing works near Ft. Gilmer. 6th moved to Darbytown Road and on the 7th engaged the enemy. Here we lost our sergt major by mortal wound received in action. We remained in the vicinity of Darbytown Road, constructing works, till 18th, having some skirmishing in meantime. 19th moved to Charles City Raod 27th engaged the enemy on the Williamsburg Road and since have remained on Williamsburg Road.

The Following "Record of Events" appears on the muster roll February 28, 1865:

The Regt. has been in no engagement since last muster. Remained in Camp on the Williamsburg road till 24th Feby. when we moved to right near Fort Gilmer.

Rosters of the companies, both before and after the reorganization appear to be complete. Approx. 2,000 men are listed overall with brief service records.

BATTLES:

The 5th Infantry Regiment was engaged in the following battles:

Blackburn's Ford (18 JUL 1861)
1st Bull Run (21 JUL 1861)
Great Falls (4 SEP 1861)
Yorktown Siege (APR - MAY 1862
Williamsburg (4 MAY 1862)
Seven Pines (31 MAY - 1 JUN 1862)
Seven Days Battles VA (25 JUN - 1 JUL 1862)
Gaines Mill VA (27 JUN 1862)
Frayser's Farm VA (30 JUN 1862)
2nd Bull Run VA (28 - 30 AUG 1862)
South Mountain VA (14 SEP 1862)
Antietam VA (17 SEP 1862)
Fredericksburg VA (13 DEC 1862)
Wauhatchie (28 - 29 OCT) 1863
Knoxville Siege GA (NOV - DEC 1863)
The Wilderness VA (5 - 6 MAY 1864)
Spotsylvania Court House VA (8 - 21 MAY 1864)
North Anna VA (23 - 26 MAY 1864)
Cold Harbor VA (1 - 3 JUN 1864)
Petersburg Siege VA (JUN 1864 - APR 1865)
2nd Fort Harrison VA (30 SEP 1864)
Williamsburg Road (27 OCT 1864)
Appomattox Court House VA (9 APR 1865)

ROSTERS:

Field and Staff
Company A Before the Reorganization
Company A After the Reorganization
Company B Before the Reorganization
Company B After the Reorganization
Company C Before the Reorganization
Company C After the Reorganization
Company D
Company E Before the Reorganization
Company E After the Reorganization
Company F Before the Reorganization
Company F After the Reorganization
Company G Before the Reorganization
Company G After the Reorganization
Company H Before the Reorganization
Company H After the Reorganization
Company I Before the Reorganization
Company I After the Reorganization
Company K Before the Reorganization
Company K After the Reorganization

BIBLIOGRAPHY

REF: South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Vol. III
Salley, A. S. The State Co., Columbia, SC 1930



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Rigdon, John C.
Historical Sketch and Roster of the 5th Infantry Regiment
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