Tennessee 39th Infantry Regiment



 


ORGANIZATION:

The Tennessee 39th Infantry Regiment was organized in March, 1862, and in April contained 363 effectives. It was known as the 31st Infantry Regiment for a while until it was discovered that another 31st under the command of A. H. Bradford existed. The designation was then changed to the 39th, but the unit has often been confused with the 31st over the years.

The members of the 39th were from the counties of Sevier, Blount, Jefferson, Hawkins, McMinn, Greene, and Monroe. A detachment of the 39th captured the Federal gun boats Queen of the West and Indianola, and later the regiment spent forty-seven days in the trenches of Vicksburg where it was captured on July 4, 1863. After being exchanged and reogranized as mounted infantry, it was assigned to General Vaughn's Brigade. The unit contained 272 effectives April, 1864, moved to the Valley of Virginia, and lost forty-one percent of the 118 engaged at Piedmont . Later it participated in various engagements and surrendered at Asheville, North Carolina, on April 26, 1865.

OFFICERS:

Bradford, William M. - Colonel
Humes, James W. - Lieut. Colonel
McFarland, Robert - Major

ASSIGNMENTS:

  • Unattached, Dept. of East Tennessee (May - June 1862)
  • Taylor's Brigade, Stevenson's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (June 1862)
  • Barton's Brigade, Dept. of East Tennessee (June - July 1862)
  • Taylor's Brigade, Stevenson's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (July 1862)
  • Heth's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (August - October 1862)
  • Reynold's Brigade, Heth's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (October - December 1862)
  • A. W. Reynold's Brigade, Stevenson's Division, 2nd Military District, Dept. of Mississippi and East Louisiana (December 1862 - April1863)
  • A.W. Reynold's Brigade, Stevenson's Division, Second Military District, Dept. of Mississippi and East Louisiana (April - July 1863)
  • Vaughn's Brigade (mounted), Stevenson's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee (November 1863)
  • Vaughn's Brigade, Buckner's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (December 1863 - January 1864)
  • Vaughn's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of East Tennessee (January - February 1864)
  • Vaughn's Brigade, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of East Tennessee (February - March 1864)
  • Vaughn's Brigade, Vaughn's Division, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of East Tennessee (March - April 1864)
  • Johnson's Brigade, Buckner's Division, Dept. of East Tennessee (dismounted detachment) (April 1864)
  • Vaughn's Brigade, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of East Tennessee (April - May 1864)
  • Vaughn's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of Western Virginia and East Tennessee (May 1864 - April 1865)
  • Detachment Vaughn's Brigade, Breckinridge's Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (dismounted detachment) (June - July 1864)
  • Vaughn's Brigade, Davis' Escort (April - May 1865)
  • BATTLES:

  • Campaign, Cumberland Gap, TN (March 15 - April 8, 1862)
  • Retreat from Perryville, KY to Loudon, TN (October 10 - 22, 1862)
  • Action, Stanford, KY (October 14, 1862)
  • Affair near Gordon's Landing, Red River, LA (detachment), Capture of the “Queen of the West” (February 14, 1863)
  • Capture of the “Indianola” near Grand Gulf, MS (detachment) (February 24, 1863)
  • Skirmish, Edward's Station, MS (May 15, 1863)
  • Engagement, Big Black River Bridge, MS (May 17, 1863)
  • Siege, Vicksburg, MS (May 18 - July 4, 1863)
  • Assault, Vicksburg, MS (May 19, 1863)
  • Assault, Vicksburg, MS (May 22, 1863)
  • Surrender, Vicksburg, MS (July 4, 1863)
  • Operations around Dandridge, TN (January 16-17, 1864)
  • Operations around Dandridge, TN (January 26-28, 1864)
  • Engagement near Fair Garden, TN (January 27, 1864)
  • Operations against Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg, VA (detachment) (May 26 - July 1, 1864)
  • Engagement, Piedmont, Mount Crawford, VA (detachment) (June 5, 1864)
  • Engagement, Lynchburg, VA (detachment) (June 17-18, 1864)
  • Battle, Monocacy, MD (detachment) (July 9, 1864)
  • Engagement, Snicker's Ferry (Parker's Ford), Shenandoah River, VA (detachment) (July 17-18, 1864)
  • Engagement, Kernstown (Winchester), VA (detachment) (July 24, 1864)
  • Sheridan's Campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, VA (detachment) (August 7- November 28, 1864)
  • Engagement, Berryville, VA (detachment) (September 4, 1864)
  • Battle, Opequan and Winchester, VA (detachment) (September 19, 1864)
  • Battle, Fisher's Hill, VA (detachment) (September 22, 1864)
  • Battles, Cedar Creek, Middletown, Belle Grove, VA (detachment) (October 19, 1864)
  • Action, Morristown, TN (October 28, 1864)
  • Action, Bulls Gap, TN (November 11-13, 1864)
  • Action, Russellville, TN (November 14, 1864)
  • Operations against Stoneman's Raid from East Tennessee into Southwestern Virginia and Western North Carolina (March 21- April 25, 1865)
  • ROSTERS:
  • Co. "A". " - J. P. McCown Guards. - Sevier County.
  • Co. "B". Enrolled at Maryville, Blount County.
  • Co. "C". Enrolled at Dandridge, Jefferson County.
  • Co. "D". Enrolled in Hawkins County.
  • Co. "E". Enrolled at Strawberry Plains, Jefferson County.
  • Co. "F". McMinn County.
  • Co. "G". Enrolled at Rogersville Junction, now Bull's Gap, Hawkins County.
  • Co. "H". Greene County.
  • Co. "I". Enrolled at Talbott Station, Jefferson County.
  • Co. "K". Enrolled at Sweetwater, Monroe County.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY:

    Researching this Unit?
    Here's What's Available.
        

    Hardback - $65.00
    Paperback - $45.00
    CD-ROM - $15.00
    EBOOK - $9.49

    Suffered Greatly by Privations
        Glenn Stacy & John C. Rigdon
    Choose Hardback, Paperback,
    EBOOK or CD-ROM

        

    Hardback - $100.00
    CD-ROM - $15.00
    EBOOK - $9.49

    Military Annals of Tennessee
        John Berrien Lindsley
    Choose Hardback, Paperback,
    EBOOK or CD-ROM

        

    CD-ROM - $35.00

    The Civil War in Tennessee
    Rigdon, John C.
        

    CD-ROM - $35.00

    Tennessee Civil War Soldiers Service Records
    Rigdon, John C.
     

    Ordering via EMAIL is easy.

    Click Here

    Orders may also be sent via U.S. Snail to:
    Eastern Digital Resources
    5705 Sullivan Point Drive
    Powder Springs, GA 30127

    Tel: (803) 661-3102