The Tennessee 42nd Infantry Regiment was formed at Camp Cheatham, Tennessee, in November, 1861, with five Tennessee and five Alabama companies. At the reorganization in 1862, the five Alabama companies were transferred to the 6th (Norwood's) Alabama Infantry Battalion which later merged into the 55th Alabama Regiment. Four Tennessee companies from the 1st Alabama, Tennessee, and Mississippi Regiment and one Florida company then joined the 42nd. The unit was captured in the fight at Fort Donelson and after the exchange became part of Maxey's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It was stationed at Port Hudson , moved to Jackson, and in September, 1863, assigned to Quarles' Brigade, Department of the Gulf. During the spring of 1864 the regiment joined the Army of Tennessee at Dalton with 169 effectives. It went on to participate in the Atlanta Campaign, Hood's Tennessee operations, and the North Carolina Campaign. Very few were included in the surrender on April 26, 1865.
Colonels Isaac N. Hulme and William A. Quarles; Lieutenant Colonels Levi McCollum, John H. Norwood, and Isaac B. Walton; and Major Josiah R. Hubbard.
Maxey's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana.
Quarles' Brigade, Department of the Gulf. Battles:
The Atlanta Campaign
The Carolinas Campaign Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 2109 men.
Josiah R. Hubbard, George A. Lowe, Co. “A”. Men from Hickman County.
Levi MeCollum, John W. Walker, Benjamin F. Coleman, Co. “B”. Men from Hickman County.
Isaac B. Walton, J. E. Cage, Co. “C”. Men from Cheatham County. Thomas J. Whitfield, John R. Whitfield, W. P. McCollum, Co. “D”. Men from Humphreys County.
Hardin Long, Co. “E”. An Alabama company. John H. Gibson, Co. “F”. An Alabama company.
Isaac N. Hulme, Wiley B. Beard, Co. “G”. Men from Perry County. “The Perry Blues.”
Isaac Henry, Co. “H”. An Alabama company Joseph H. Jones, Co. “I”. An Alabama company.
Wilson A. Davis, Co. “K”. An Alabama company.
At the reorganization in 1862, the five Alabama companies were transferred to form the 6th (Norwood’s) Alabama Infantry Battalion, which later became part of the 55th Alabama Infantry Regiment. Five other companies were transferred to the 42nd to replace the Alabama companies, and the original five Tennessee companies all changed their company letters. The reorganized regiment was as follows:
J. L. Morphis, John R. Tabler, 2nd “A”, formerly ‘G”, 1st Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee Regiment. Organized in McNairy County 42nd Tennessee Regiment, 2nd Co. “B”, formerly “A”.
John R. Farrabee, Thomas H. Cargill, 2nd Co. “C”, formerly “H”, 1st Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee Regiment.
James M. Grace, Austin M. Duncan, 2nd Co. “D”, formerly “K”, 1st Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee Regiment. Organized at Middleton, Hardeman County.
C. C. Henderson, Duncan MeMillan, 2nd Co. “E”, formerly “C”, 4Oth (Walker’s) Tennessee Regiment. “The Morton Confederates.” Originally Henderson’s Company, Florida Infantry. 42nd Tennessee, 2nd Co. “F”, formerly “B”. 42nd Tennessee, 2nd Co. “G”, formerly “C”. 42nd Tennessee, 2nd Co. “H”, formerly “D”.
Joseph Barbiere, Thomas I. Spain, D. Howard, 2nd Co. “I”, reorganized; originally “A”, 1st Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee Regiment. “The Gayoso Guards.” Men from Memphis. 2nd Co. “K”., reorganized; originally “G”, 42nd Tennessee. Bibliography for Research: