The Tennessee 7th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Camp Trousdale, Sumner County, Tennessee, in May, 1861, and in July, moved to Staunton, Virginia. The men were raised in DeKalb, Smith, Sumner, and Wilson counties. It participated in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign and for a time served under General T.J. Jackson. Later it was assigned to General S.R. Anderson's, Hatton's, Archer's, and McComb's Brigade. It fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor, then was involved in the long Petersburg siege south of the James River and the Appomattox Courthouse Campaign. This regiment reported 72 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 34 at Cedar Mountain, 26 at Second Manassas, and 38 at Fredericksburg. It lost 11 killed and 45 wounded at Chancellorsville, and forty-six percent of the 249 engaged at Gettysburg. The unit surrendered 6 officers and 41 men.
Colonel John A. Fite (POW Gettysburg)
Colonel John Fite Goodner (resigned 4-8-63)
Colonel Robert Hatton (killed Seven Pines)
Lt. Colonel John K. Howard (mortal wound Gaines' Mill)
Lt. Colonel Samuel G. Shepard
Major William H. Williamson (POW Gettysburg) Assignments:
Tennessee Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia, under Brigadier General Samuel R. Anderson.
Brigade commanded by Major General Theophilus H. Holmes.
Major General Ambrose P. Hill's Division, and in June, 1862 consisted of the 5th Alabama Battalion, 1~th Georgia Regiment, 1st, 7th, and 14th Tennessee Regiments, and Braxton's Battery.
Major General Henry Heth's Division of Hill's Corps.
Consolidated under Brigadier General H. H. Walker. Battles:
Expedition to Bath, Virginia
Seven Pines, May 31, 1862
Gaines' Mill June 26-27
Cedar Run, August 9
Manassas Junction August 26
Manassas Plains, August 28
Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863
Gettysburg on July 3, 1863
Wilderness, May 5-7, 1864
Spottsylvania Courthouse on May 12
Cold Harbor on June 3, 1864
Siege of Petersburg
The roster of this unit contains the names of 1821 men.
Co. "A". Men from Alexandria, DeKalb County.
Co. “B". Men from Smith County.
Co. "C". Men from Gallatin, Sumner County.
Co. "D". "The Harris Rifles." Men from Wilson County.
Co. "E". Men from Gallatin, Sumner County.
Co. "F". "The Statesville Tigers." Men from Wilson County
Co. "G". "The Hurricane Rifles." Men from Wilson County.
Co. "H". "The Grays." Men from Wilson County.
Co. "I". "The Silver Spring Guards." Men from Wilson County.
Co. "K". "The Blues." Men from Wilson County Bibliography for Research: