The Tennessee 19th (Biffle's) Cavalry Regiment, usually known as Biffle's 9th Cavalry, was organized in October, 1862. The men were from the counties of Wayne, Lawrence, Maury, Perry, Lewis, and Madison.
Colonel Jacob B. Biffle was originally lieutenant colonel, 2nd (Biffle's) Battalion; then colonel of 6th (1st) Tennessee Cavalry Regiment; into which his battalion was merged in May, 1862. When this regiment was reorganized June 12, 1862, with James T. Wheeler elected as colonel, Biffle set out to raise a new regiment, which had no connection with the other two organizations except for the fact that Biffle was at different times commanding officer of all three. He completed organization of the regiment, and was commissioned as its colonel, as of October 3, 1862.
The 19th Cavalry served in J.B. Biffle's and Dibrell's Brigade, and fought at Parker's Cross Roads , Thompson's Station , Brentwood , and Chickamauga . Later it skirmished in Tennessee, then was active in the Atlanta Campaign and Forrest's operations during Hood's Campaign. It moved to Mississippi and ended the war in Alabama. During December, 1862, this regiment contained about 400 effectives and on May 3, 1865, there were 22 officers and 281 men present. It was included in the surrender of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana as part of T.H. Bell's command.