The Texas 4th Cavalry Regiment was organized with about 1,000 men during the late summer of 1861. Its members were from Gonzales, San Antonio, Bonham, Austin, Livinston, Crockett, and Alto, and Milam and Parker counties. The unit served in the Army of New Mexico, then was assigned to Green's and Hardeman's Brigade, Trans-Mississippi Department. It saw action in numerous conflicts in Louisiana and reported 28 casualties at Cox's Plantation and 6 at Bayou Bourbeau. The unit was ordered to Hampstead, Texas, during the spring of 1865 and soon disbanded.
• William P. Hardeman(Colonel)
• James Reily (Colonel)
• G. J. Hampton (Lieutenant Colonel)
• William R. Scurry (Lieutenant Colonel)
• Charles M. Mesueur (Major)
• Henry W. Raguet (Major)
• Ellsberry R. Lane (Adjutant)
• John B. McMahon (Sgt. Major)
• Henry E. Loebnitz (Asst. Quartermaster)
• John Reily (Asst. Commissary)
• William Southworth (Surgeon)
• L. M. Taylor (Asst. Surgeon)
• J. F. Matchett (Asst. Surgeon)
• L. H. Jones (Chaplain)
• Andrew J. Scarborough, Captain of Company B. After the Battle of Glorietta Pass, Scarborough was accused by some of his men of acting "cowardly".
• Charles Buckholts, Captain of Company E. Killed at the Battle of Glorietta Pass, March 28, 1862.
• James M. Crosson, Captain of Company F.
• Marius van der Heuvel, Captain of Company G. Company G was made up of German settlers from Austin County. At first, the men were equipped only with spears. They were called a "Lancer Unit". They received guns on December 23, 1861. Captain van der Heuvel was killed at the Battle of Val Verde, on Feb. 21, 1862.
• Benjamin Rusk, Captain of Company H. Rusk resigned his commission on Feb. 3, 1862, and went home.
• D. A. Nunn, Captain of Company I.
• William Foard, Captain of Company K. ASSIGNMENTS:
Army of New Mexico
Green's and Hardeman's Brigade, Trans-Mississippi Department. BATTLES:
• Val Verde, New Mexico Territory - February 21, 1862
• Glorietta Pass, New Mexico Territory - March 28, 1862
• Galveston, Texas - January 1, 1863
• Ft. Bisland, Louisiana - April 12-13, 1863
• Irish Bend-Franklin, Louisiana - April 14, 1863
• Vermillion Bayou, Louisiana - April 17, 1863
• Brashear City, Louisiana - June 23, 1863
• Donaldsonville-Ft. Butler, Louisiana - June 28, 1863
• Cox's Plantation-Lafourche, Louisiana - July 12-13, 1863
• Stirling's Plantation-Fordoche, Louisiana - September 29, 1863
• Bourbeau, Louisiana - November 3 , 1863
• Mansfield, Louisiana - April 8, 1864
• Pleasant Hill, Louisiana - April 9, 1864
• Monett's Ferry, Louisiana - April 23, 1864
• Mansura, Louisiana - May 16, 1864
• Yellow Bayou, Louisiana - May 18, 1864 ROSTERS:
Members of the 4th were from Gonzales, San Antonio, Bonham, Austin, Livinston, Crockett, and Alto, and Milam and Parker counties.
Bibliography for Research: