The Texas 4th Infantry Regiment

HISTORICAL NOTES: The Fourth Texas Infantry a.k.a. "The Hell Roaring Fourth" was organized September 30, 1861 in Richmond, Virginia and surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865. FIELD OFFICERS: • John Bell Hood, Colonel September 30, 1861, First Commander of Regiment. At time of appointment Hood was Lt. Col. in charge of cavalry at Yorktown. Promoted Brigadier General on March 8, 1862.
• John Marshall, Lieutenant Colonel September 30, 1861. Marshall was the editor of the "State Gazette" of Austin, Texas. He was promoted to the Colonelcy on March 3, 1862. Killed at Gaines' Mill June 27, 1862.
• Bradfute Warwick, Major September 30, 1861, At the time of appointment he was a Captain on the staff of General Wise in Western Virginia. Died of wounds received at Gaines' Mill on July 6, 1862.
Other Regimental Officers
• John P. Bane, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel
• Benjamin F. Carter, Major, Lieutenant Colonel
• John C.G. Key, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel
• William H. Martin, Major
• William P. Townsend, Major
• Clinton M. Winkler, Major, Lieutenant Colonel
ASSIGNMENTS: September 30, 1861
Ten companies of infantry from Texas were mustered into Confederate service and designated the Fourth Texas Infantry. John Bell Hood was appointed commander.
October 1861 - February, 1862
Assigned Texas Brigade, forces near Dumfries (Whiting's Command) 2nd Corps, Potomac District, Dept. Of Northern Virginia
November 7, 1861
The regiment was manning the Potomac defense line in Northern Virginia based at Camp Texas.
February - March 1862
Assigned Texas Brigade, Forces Near Dumfries (Whiting's Command), Potomac District, Dept. Of Northern Virginia
March - June 1862
Assigned Texas Brigade, Whiting's-G.W. Smith's-Whiting's Division, Army of Northern Virginia
March 8, 1862
Moved south to Rappahannock defense line in Virginia. Colonel Hood promoted to Brigadier General.
March 12, 1862
Took up positions at the Rappahannock defense line with John Marshall in command of the regiment.
April 3, 1862
The regiment played hide and seek with the Excelsior Brigade from New York during the night.
April 7, 1862
The regiment pulled out of the Rappahannock defense line and started the march to Yorktown.
April 15, 1862
The regiment took up positions at Yorktown - Warwick River defense line.
May 4, 1862
Withdrew from the Yorktown - Warwick River defenses towards Richmond by way of Williamsburg. The Fourth Texas was selected for rear guard duty, and was the last Confederate unit to leave Yorktown.
May 7, 1862
The regiment was involved in the battle of Eltham Landing. At ten o'clock Whiting's forces took up the march as the rear most Confederate division with the Texas Brigade assuming the function of the rear guard of the entire Southern army.
May 12, 1862
Crossed over the rain swollen Chickahominy River and went into bivouac two miles west of the river.
May 15, 1862
After being relieved from duty in the front lines the regiment marched towards Richmond and camped at "Pine Island" three miles northeast of the city on the Mechanicsville Turnpike.
May 31 - June 1, 1862
The Battle of Seven Pines. The regiment was not directly engaged in the battle either of the two days.
June 1862
Assigned Texas Brigade, Whiting's Division, Valley District, Dept. of Northern Virginia
June 12, 1862
Boarded the Richmond and Danville trains and six days later after 235 miles and many changes of trains arrived at Staunton, Virginia.
June 20, 1862
After passing through Charlottesville they went to Gordonsville and then onto Frederick Hall northwest of Richmond.
June 23, 1862
The regiment detrained at Frederick Hall and marched toward Ashland.
June 25, 1862
The regiment arrived at Ashland, receiving their rations and ammunition issue here.
June - July 1862
Assigned Texas Brigade, Whiting's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
June 26, 1862
Skirmish in the vicinity of Totopotomy Creek.
June 27, 1862
The Battle of Gaine's Mill. During the battle Colonel Marshall was killed.
July 1, 1862
The Battle of Malvern Hill. Col. Key now commanded the regiment and was wounded.
July 1862 - February 1863
Assigned Texas Brigade, Whiting's-Hood's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
August 11, 1862
The regiment marched toward the Rapidan River in the vicinity of Orange Court House.
August 15, 1862
The regiment reached Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan River.
August 20, 1862
The regiment crossed the Rapidan in pursuit of the Federal Army now falling back toward the Rappahannock River.
August 22, 1862
Skirmish at Freeman's Ford
August 23, 1862
The regiment was involved in the incident of the "Roasting Ears Fight".
August 24, 1862
While the men were preparing their meal, they received orders to march immediately.
August 25, 1862
The regiment Bivouacked near Waterloo Bridge for the night.
August 26, 1862
Marched steadily for 30 miles from Waterloo Bridge to the approaches of Thoroughfare Gap in the Bull Run Mountains.
August 27, 1862
The incident of "The Old Gray Mare Came Tearing Out of the Wilderness", which became a favorite marching song of the Texans and is now known as "The Old Gray Mare".
August 28, 1862
Skirmish at Thoroughfare Gap
August 29 - 30, 1862
The Battle of Second Manassas
August 31, 1862
The regiment buried their dead and rested.
September 1, 1862
Marched toward Western Maryland and Pennsylvania.
September 5, 1862
The regiment crossed over the Potomac River at White's Ford with the band serenading the troops with "Maryland, My Maryland".
September 6, 1862
Passed through Buckeytown, Maryland and camped on the banks of the Monocacy River in the vicinity of the railroad bridge.
September 9, 1862
Taking up their march again the regiment tramped northward through the Maryland countryside.
September 12, 1862
The regiment passed through the South Mountain Gap to Boonsboro.
September 14, 1862
The regiment was at Hagerstown just below the Pennsylvania border. Received orders to return to South Mountain. The Battle of South Mountain
September 15, 1862
Fell back west and south taking a position behind Antietam Creek near the village of Sharpsburg, Maryland. On this movement the regiment along with the Brigade again formed the rear guard.
September 16, 1862
The regiment is involved in preliminary fighting at Antietam (Sharpsburg)
September 17, 1862
The Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
September 18, 1862
Remained in battle positions during the day. That night the regiment crossed over the Potomac at Boteler's Ford near Shephardstown.
September - October 1862
Went into camp 20 miles north of Winchester along the Opequan Creek in the Shenandoah Valley.
October 26, 1862
Moved south passing through Winchester, Kerntown and Newtown.
November 2, 1862
Turned east passed through the mountains at Manassas Gap.
November 5, 1862
Went into camp in the vicinity of Culpeper Court House.
November 19, 1862
Broke camp and crossed over the Rapidan and bivouacked on the south bank of the river.
November 20 - 21, 1862 Marched 16 miles and camped near Spotsylvania Court House the night of the 21st.
November 22, 1862
Passed through Fredericksburg and camped east of town a mile and a half south of the Rappahannock River.
December 13, 1862
The Battle of Fredericksburg
December 1862
The regiment went into winter quarters.
January 29, 1863
The regiment was involved in the "Great Snowball Battle"
February - April 1863
Assigned Texas Brigade, Hood's Division, Dept. Of North Carolina and Southern Virginia
February 16, 1863
The regiment broke winter camp and moved towards Richmond.
February 22, 1863
Passed through Richmond and went into bivouac four miles south on Falling Creek. While camped near the railroad, troops engaged in stealing hats from passengers on passing trains.
March 18, 1863
Broke camp went on a forced march through Richmond towards Ashland.
March 20, 1863
Returned to camp site on Falling Creek
April - May 1863
Assigned Texas Brigade, Hood's Division, Dept. of Southern Virginia
April 2, 1863
The regiment broke camp and marched to Petersburg.
April 8, 1863
Marched to Suffolk, Virginia
April 11 - May 4, 1863
Siege of Suffolk, Virginia
April 1863
The regiment participated in foraging expedition along southern Virginia and North Carolina border.
May 2, 1863
The regiment was called to rejoin main army and started moving back towards Petersburg.
May 5, 1863
At Ivor Station on the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad
May - September 1863
Assigned Texas Brigade, Hood's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 13, 1863
Went into camp in the vicinity of Culpeper close to Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan River.
May 27, 1863
Formal review of the Division held by General Hood.
May 31, 1863
The regiment broke camp and marched 14 miles southeast toward Fredericksburg.
June 1, 1863
Retraced their steps and returned to camp site near Raccoon Ford.
June 4, 1863
Forded the Rapidan and marched 15 miles toward Culpeper.
June 6, 1863
Continued march in a heavy rain storm and headed for the upper reaches of the Rappahannock.
June 7, 1863
Returned to Culpeper over the same roads previously taken.
Marched west 5 miles and pitched camp near Cedar Mountain.
June 15, 1863
The regiment left the vicinity of Cedar Mountain and headed north up the east side of the Blue Ridge toward Ashby's Gap.
June 17, 1863
On the march again and went14 miles towards Upperville.
June 18, 1863
Passed through the mountains at Ashby's Gap forded the Shenandoah River and bivouacked near Millwood.
June 19, 1863
Moved north to Berryville, crossed back over to the south side of the Shenandoah River and occupied a position near the Snicker's Gap.
June 23, 1863
Retraced their steps back to Millwood
June 26, 1863
The regiment crossed the Potomac at Williamsport.
June 27, 1863
Passed through Greencastle with the band playing "Dixie". Moved north to Chambersburg and camped just north of town.
June 29, 1863
Took up the march on the Cashtown Road and marched 5 miles east and bivouacked near Fayetteville.
July 1 - 3, 1863
The Battle of Gettysburg Col. Key was wounded and Lt. Col. Carter was killed after assuming command.
July 4, 1863
Remained in battle positions with Major Bane in acting command.
July 5, 1863
Marched towards Fairfield
July 7, 1863
The regiment reached Hagerstown and took up position with their backs to the Potomac River.
July 14, 1863
Crossed over the Potomac near Williamsport
July 16, 1863
The regiment bivouacked at Bunker Hill for 4 days.
July 20, 1863
Passed through Chester Gap
July 24, 1863
The regiment went into camp at Culpeper Court House and remained there for 7 days.
August 1, 1863
Broke camp, moved southeast along the Rapidan River.
August 3, 1863
The regiment bivouacked at Raccoon Ford
August 4,1863
Moved down the Rapidan and along the Rappahannock to Fredericksburg.
August 6, 1863
The regiment went into camp in the vicinity of Fredericksburg for three weeks.
September 3, 1863
Moved down the Rappahannock to Port Royal
September - November, 1863
Assigned Texas Brigade, Hoods Division, Longstreet's Corps, Army of Tennessee
September 8, 1863
The regiment moved to Bowling Green and boarded train for Richmond.
September 9, 1863
Left Richmond by train heading south
September 17, 1863
The regiment detrained at Catoosa Station, Georgia and bivoucked at Ringgold a short distance away.
September 18, 1863
Moved north towards Pea Vine Creek and crossed over to take up positions along Chickamauga Creek.
September 19-20, 1863
The Battle of Chickamauga
September 22 - November 4, 1863
The siege of Chattanooga
October 28 - 29, 1863
The Battle of Wauhatchie
November, 1863 - April, 1864
Assigned Texas Brigade, Hood's-Jenkins'-Field's Division, Dept. Of East Tennessee
November 5, 1863
The regiment left the vicinity of Chattanooga and moved east and north towards Tyner's Station.
November 8, 1863
Moved north to Cleveland
November 9, 1863
Boarded train heading towards Knoxville via Sweetwater
November 12, 1863
Left train and performed rear guard operation at Sweetwater.
November 16, 1863
Moved to Louden
November 17, 1863 - December 4, 1863
The siege of Knoxville
November 19, 1863
Crossed the Tennessee River and moved to Knoxville
November 20, 1863
The regiment crossed to south side of the Tennessee and took up positions opposite Union held Fort Higley
November 29, 1863
Skirmish at Fort Higley
December 4, 1863
The regiment left the vicinity of Knoxville heading east to Rogersville.
December 8, 1863
Bivouacked at Rogersville
December 9, 1863
Skirmish at Bean's Station
December 10, 1863
The regiment bivouacked at Bean's Station for 10 days.
December 19, 1863
Moved south and crossed the Holston River.
December 22, 1863
The regiment went into winter quarters 1 mile north of Morristown.
February 10, 1864
Broke winter camp and moved west towards Chesterfield.
February 15, 1864
Bivoucked near Chesterfield for 7 days.
February 22, 1864
Headed back east towards Bull's Gap
February 26, 1864
The regiment took up positions in winter quarters at Bull's Gap.
March 28, 1864
The regiment broke winter camp and moved south towards Greenville.
March 29, 1864
Moved northeast towards Zollicoffer, Tennessee
April 1, 1864
Went into camp at Zollicoffer for 10 days.
April, 1864 - April, 1865
Assigned Texas Brigade, Field's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
April 11, 1864
Moved to Bristol, Tennessee
April 15, 1864
The regiment boarded train to Lynchburg.
April 18, 1864
Bivoucked at Lynchburg
April 20, 1864
Boarded train to Charlottesville
April 23, 1864
The regiment left the train at Charlottesville headed towards Cobham Station and camped.
April 28, 1864
Review and inspection of the Division held by General Field.
April 29, 1864
Review of 1st Corps held by General Lee.
April 30, 1864
Moved towards Gordonsville and bivoucked north of town.
May 4, 1864
Moved east down the Catharpin Road towards the wilderness.
May 5 - 6, 1864
The Battle of the Wilderness
May 7, 1864
The regiment buried their dead, and that night moved towards Spotsylvania Court House.
May 8 - 21, 1864
The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 21 - 22, 1864
Moved towards the North Anna River
May 23 - 26, 1864
The Battle of North Anna
May 27, 1864
Moved south towards Ashland Station
May 29, 1864
The regiment entrenched in vicinity of Gaines' Mill and New Cold Harbor.
June 1 - 3, 1864
The Battle of Cold Harbor
June 13, 1864
Moved south and crossed the Chickahominy and bivoucked near the old Frayser's Farm battlefield.
June 16, 1864
Moved south and crossed the James River near Drewry's Bluff.
June 17, 1864
The regiment occupied the lines at Bermuda Hundred.
June 18 - July 28, 1864
The siege of Petersburg
July 28, 1864
Moved to Dunlap's Station
July 29, 1864
The regiment boarded the train to Richmond and went into lines on New Market Heights.
July 29, 1864 - April 3, 1865
The siege of Richmond
August 16, 1864
Skirmish at White Oak Swamp under acting commander Lt. Col. Winkler
September 28, 1864
Soiree held at Chaffin's Bluff camp with Mrs. Winkler as hostess.
September 29, 1864
The Battle of Chaffin's Farm
October 7, 1864
The Battle of Darbytown Road During the fighting, General Gregg is killed.
October 27, 1864
Skirmish at Williamsburg Road
October, 1864
The regiment went into winter camp 8 miles east of Richmond on the Charles City Road.
January 20, 1865
Skirmish at New Market Road
April 2, 1865
The regiment broke camp, moved to Richmond and boarded train to Petersburg.
April 3, 1865
Evacuated Petersburg and moved west as rear guard to main army.
April 4, 1865
Bivoucked at Amelia Court House
April 5-6, 1865
Skirmish at Rice's Station
April 7, 1865
Skirmish at Farmville
April 8, 1865
Bivoucked 2 miles east of Appomattox Court House.
April 9, 1865
In their last operational march the regiment marched 1 mile towards Appomattox Court House. General Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia.
April 12, 1865
The troops surrendered their weapons and received their paroles.
April 14, 1865
Sergeant Thomas Macon Mullens of Co. E is last man in the regiment to surrender.

BATTLES: Eltham Landing (May 7, 1862)
Seven Pines (May 31-June 1, 1862)
Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862)
Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862)
Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862)
Freeman's Ford (August 22, 1862)
2nd Bull Run (August 28-30, 1862)
South Mountain (September 14, 1862)
Antietam (September 17, 1862)
Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
Suffolk Campaign (April 1863)
Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)
Chickamauga (September 19-20, 1863)
Chattanooga Siege (September-November 1863)
Wauhatchie (October 28-29, 1863)
Knoxville Siege (November-December 1863)
The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864)
Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864)
North Anna (May 23-26, 1864)
Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864)
Petersburg Siege (June 1864-July 1864)
Richmond Siege (July 1864-April 1865
Chaffin's Farm (September 29, 1864)
Williamsburg Road (October 27, 1865)
Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)
ROSTERS: Company A - (Hardeman Rifles) Goliad County
Company B - (Tom Green Rifles) Travis County
Company C - (Robertson Five - Shooters) Robertson County
Company D - (Knights of Guadalupe Co.) Guadalupe County
Company E - (Lone Star Guards) McClennan County
Company F - (Mustang Greys) Bexar County
Company G - Grimes County
Company H - (Porter Guards) Walker County
Company I - (Navarro Rifles) Navarro County
Company K - (Henderson Guards) Henderson County
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