The Virginia 13th Infantry Regiment completed its organization during the summer of 1861 with men from Winchester and Culpeper, Orange, Louisa, and Hampshire counties. The original Companies B and E enlisted only for 6 months, the others for one year. At the end of that year, their service was extended for the duration of the war.
After fighting at First Manassas and in Jackson's Valley Campaign, it served in General Early's, W.Smith's, Pegram's, and J.A. Walker's Brigade. The 13th was prominent in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then it moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley and later was involved in the Appomattox operations.
It reported 16 casualties at Cross Keys and Port Republic, 111 at Gaines' Mill, 34 at Cedar Mountain, 46 at Second Manassas, 22 at Fredericksburg, and 36 at Chancellorsville. During the Gettysburg Campaign it was left at Winchester as provost guard. The unit sustained heavy losses at Cedar Creek and surrendered with 10 officers and 52 men.
Colonels George A. Goodman, Ambrose P. Hill, James B. Terrill, and James A. Walker; and Majors Charles T. Crittenden and John B. Sherrard.
General Early's, W. Smith's, Pegram's, and J.A. Walker's Brigade
First Battle of Manassas
Battle of Cross Keys
Battle of Port Republic
Seven Days' Battles
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Second Battle of Manassas
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
Valley Campaigns of 1864
The roster of this unit contains the names of 1834 men.
Company A (The Montpelier Guard) - Orange County
Company B ( The Culpeper Minute Men) - Culpeper County
Company C (The Gordonsville Grays) - Orange County
Company D (The Louisa Blues) - Louisa County
Company E (The Culpeper Riflemen) - Culpeper County
Company F (The Barboursville Guards) - Orange County
Company G ( The Lanier Guard) - Maryland
Company H (The Winchester Boomerangs) - Winchester, County
Company I (The Frontier Rifles) - Hampshire County
Company K (The Hampshire Guard) - Hampshire County Bibliography for Research: