The Virginia 31st Infantry Regiment was organized under W. L. Jackson and mustered into Confederate service in July 1861. Many of its members were raised in Marion, Pendleton, and Gilmer counties. The unit was active in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign and Jackson's Valley operations. Later it was assigned to General Early's, W. Smith's, Pegram's, and J. A. Walker's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 31st participated in the difficult campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley and was active around Appomattox. This regiment reported 13 casualties at Greenbrier River, 37 at Camp Alleghany, 19 at McDowell, and 97 at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It lost 3 killed and 17 wounded at Cedar Mountain, had 5 killed and 20 wounded at Second Manassas, and suffered 1 killed and 7 wounded, at Sharpsburg. Of the 267 in action at Gettysburg, ten percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 7 officers and 49 men of which 22 were armed.
Colonels John S. Hoffman, William L. Jackson, and Samuel H. Reynolds; Lieutenant Colonels Francis M. Boykin, Alfred H. Jackson, and J.S. Kerr McCutchen; and Majors James C. Arbogast, Joseph H. Chenoweth, and William P. Cooper.
General J. G. Walker's and Corse's Brigade
Battle of Cheat Mountain Jackson's Valley Campaign Seven Days' Battles Second Battle of Bull Run Battle of Antietam Battle of Fredericksburg Battle of Chancellorsville Battle of Gettysburg Battle of Cold Harbor Siege of Petersburg Valley Campaigns of 1864 Appomattox Campaign Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 1329 men.
Company A, Marion Guard, Capt. William P. Thompson
Company B, Pendleton Minute Men, Capt. Robert H. Bradshaw
Company C, Harrison State Guards, Capt. Uriel M. Turner
Company D, Gilmer Rifles, Capt. John E. Mitchell
Company E, The Highlanders, Capt. Felix H. Hull
Company F, Capt. Jacob Currence (Randolph County)
Company G, Pocahontas Reserves, Capt. James C. Arbogast
Company H, Barbour Greys, Capt. Thomas A. Bradford
Company I, Capt. Alfred H. Jackson (Lewis County)
Company K, Barbour Mountain Guards, Capt. Henry Sturm Bibliography for Research: