The 52nd Virginia was organized at Staunton, Virginia, in August 1861. Many of its members were from Augusta County. It fought at Greenbrier River and Camp Alleghany, and later in Jackson's Valley Campaign. The unit was then assigned to Early's, W. Smith's, Pegram's, and J.A. Walker's Brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. It participated in various conflicts from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, marched with Early to the Shenandoah Valley, and was active around Appomattox.
This regiment lost 2 wounded and 6 missing at Camp Alleghany, had 7 killed and 46 wounded at McDowell, and suffered 14 killed and 87 wounded at Cross Keys and Port Republic. It reported 29 casualties at Gaines' Mill, 61 at Second Manassas, 13 at Fredericksburg, and 12 at Chancellorsville. Of the 254 engaged at Gettysburg, six percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 7 officers and 53 men of which 14 were armed.
Colonels John B. Baldwin, John D. Lilley, John D.H. Ross, and Thomas H. Watkins.
Battle of Greenbrier River
Battle of Camp Allegheny
Jackson's Valley Campaign
Seven Days' Battles
Second Battle of Manassas
Battle of Sharpsburg
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Cold Harbor
Valley Campaigns of 1864
The rosters of this unit contains the names of 1686 men.
Company A (Augusta Fencibles) - Augusta County
Company B - 1st (Fairfield McDowell Guards) - Fairfield and Rockbridge County
Company B - 2nd (Waynesboro Guards) - Waynesboro and Augusta County
Company C ( Letcher Guard) - Augusta County
Company D ( Harper guard) - Augusta County
Company E (Captain Thomas H. Watkin's Company) - Rockbridge County
Company F ( Captain Joseph E. Cline's Company) - Augusta County
Company G ( Veteran Guards) - Augusta County
Company H ( Staunton Pioneers) - Staunton and Augusta County
Company I (Men of West Augusta) - Augusta County
Company K (Bath Rifles) - Bath County
Company K ( Captain Morrison's Company) - Rockbridge County
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