The Virginia 7th Infantry Regiment was organized in May, 1861, at Manassas Junction, Virginia, with men from Giles, Madison, Rappahannock, Culpeper, Greene, and Albemarle counties. It fought at First Manassas under General Early, then served with Ewell, A.P. Hill, Kemper, and W.R. Terry. In April, 1862, the regiment had 700 effectives and later was active in the various campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg. It participated in Longstreet's Suffolk expedition, was prominent in the capture of Plymouth, then fought at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor. The 7th continued the fight in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River and around Appomattox. It sustained 47 casualties at First Manassas, 77 at Williamsburg, 111 at Frayser's Farm, 59 at Second Manassas, and 4 at Fredericksburg. Of the 335 engaged at Gettysburg about forty percent were disabled. It lost 39 men at Drewry's Bluff, and many were captured at Five Forks and Sayler's Creek.
Only 20 officers and men were present at the surrender.
Colonels Charles C. Flowerree, James L. Kemper, and Waller T. Patton; Lieutenant Colonel L.B. Williams, Jr.; and Major Aylett A. Swindler.
Assignments: Battles: Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 1848 men.
Company A (Richardson Guards) - Madison County
Company B (Rappahannock Guard) - Rappahannock County
Company C (Hazelwood Volunteers) - Culpeper County
Company D (Mountain Boomers) - Giles County
Company E - Culpeper County
Company F - Greene County
Company G (Sperryville Sharpshooters) - Rappahannock County
Company H (Washington Volunteers) - Washington D.C. and Maryland
Company I (Holcombe Guards) - Albemarle County
Company K (Madison Grays) - Madison County Bibliography for Research: