Alabama 16th Infanry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

The 16th Alabama Infantry regiment was assembled at Courtland, AL, on 6 August, 1861, and it contained men from Russell, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Franklin, Cherokee, and Marion counties. The unit was ordered to Knoxville, TN, then KY where it fought at Fishing Creek (lost 64 men) under General Felix Zollicoffer. Later it was assigned to General Sterling Wood's (with the 33rd AL, 44th TN, and 32nd and 33rd MS regiments), Mark Lowrey's (same regiments, with the 45th AL was added), and Charles Shelley's brigades. After taking part in the battles of Shiloh (lost 162 men) and Perryville (held in reserve, not actively engaged), the 16th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to Atlanta (losses were 200 in the campaign), moved with Hood to TN, then saw action in NC. In September, 1861, the regiment totaled 867 effectives. It sustained 168 casualties at Murfreesboro, and lost fifty-nine percent of the 414 engaged at Chickamauga. During December, 1863, there were 302 present for duty and 202 arms. It lost 150 killed and wounded at Jonesboro and half its remaining force were disabled at Franklin and Nashville, including all officers. On 26 April 1865, about 50 officers and men surrendered, their unit having been consolidated with the 1st and 45th AL regiments. OFFICERS:

Cols. Frederick A. Ashford, A. H. Helvenston, and William B. Wood; and Lt. Colonels John W. Harris, Joseph J. May, and John H. McGaughy. ASSIGNMENTS:

General Sterling Wood's, Mark Lowrey's, and Charles Shelley's brigades. BATTLES:

Kennesaw Mountain - June 29, 1864
ROSTERS:
Lauderdale - Alexander D. Coffee; resigned. Oliver S. Kennedy; resigned. Calvin Carson.
Franklin - Jas. M'Gaughey; wounded at Shiloh; promoted. Barton Dickson; wounded at Chickamauga and at New Hope.
Franklin - James W.C. Smith; resigned. Johm Beene; wounded and captured at Franklin.
Franklin - W.W. Weatherford; resigned. John Beene; wounded and captured at Franklin.
Lawrence - Frederick A. Ashford; promoted. Frederick Sherrod; wounded at Murfreesboro.
Lawrence - William Hodges; wounded at Chickamauga.
Marion - John B. Powers; resigned. John H. Bankhead; wounded.
Lawrence - William S. Bankhead; resigned. Lafayette Swope; resigned. Robert McGregor; killed at Nashville.
Marion - George W. Archer; wounded at Atlanta.
Conecuh - J.J. May.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

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