Alabama 20th Infanry Regiment


 


HISTORICAL NOTES:

    The 20th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Montgomery, with recruits from Bibb, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Jefferson, Perry, Russell, Tuscaloosa, and Washington counties, on 16 September 1861.

    At the close of the war, the 20th was consolidated with the 30th Infantry Regiment at Smithfield, 9 April 1865. It was surrendered at Salisbury, about 165 rank and file of the original 1100 men with which the 20th took the field.

OFFICERS:

    Field and staff officers: Cols. Robert T. Jones (Perry; transferred); Isham Warren Garrott (Perry; promoted; KIA, Vicksburg); Edmund Winston Pettus (Dallas; promoted); James M. Dedman (Dallas; wounded, Franklin); Lt. Cols. Isham Warren Garrott (promoted); Edmund Winston Pettus (captured, Port Gibson, and escaped; promoted); James M. Dedman (promoted); Mitchell Thomas Porter (Jefferson; resigned, 23 Sept 1864); John W. Davis (Shelby; wounded, Rocky Face Ridge, Marietta); Majors Edmund Winston Pettus (promoted); Alfred S. Pickering (Perry; KIA, Port Gibson); James M. Dedman (promoted); Mitchell Thomas Porter (promoted); John W. Davis (wounded, Marietta; promoted); John G. Harris (Greene); and Adjutants John S. Smith (Dallas; promoted to brigade adjutant); Francis M. Vance (Dallas)

ASSIGNMENTS:

    Oct 61-Jan 62 - District of Alabama, Department of Alabama and West Florida
    Jan-Feb 62 - Army of Mobile, Department of Alabama and West Florida
    May-Jun 62 - Barton’s Brigade, Department of East Tennessee
    Jun-Oct 62 - Reynold’s Brigade, Stevenson’s Division, Department of East Tennessee
    Oct-Dec 62 - Tracy’s Brigade, McCown’s Division, Department of East Tennessee
    Dec 62- Jan 63 - Tracy’s BDE, 2d Military District, Dept of Mississippi and East Louisana
    Jan-Jul 63 - Tracy’s BDE, Stevenson’s Division, Dept of Mississippi and East Louisana
    Nov 63 - Feb 64 - Pettus’ BDE, Stevenson’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee
    Feb 64- Apr 65 - Pettus’ BDE, Stevenson’s Division, 2d Corps, Army of Tennessee

BATTLES:

    18 June 1862 - Cumberland Gap
    27-29 December 1862 - Chickasaw Bayou
    2-25 April 1863 - Greenville Expedition (detachment)
    May-July 1863 - Vicksburg Campaign
    1 May 1863 - Port Gibson
    16 May 1863 - Champion Hill
    May-July 1863 - Vicksburg Siege
    September - November 1863 - Chattanooga Siege
    23-25 November 1863 - Chattanooga
    May - September 1864 - Atlanta Campaign
    5-11 May 1864 - Rocky Face Ridge
    25 May - 4 June 1864 - New Hope Church
    27 June 1864 - Kennesaw mountain
    22 July 1864 - Atlanta
    July - September 1864 - Atlanta Siege
    31 August - 1 September 1864 - Jonesboro
    February - April 1865 - Carolinas Campaign
    7-10 March 1865 - Kinston
    19-21 March 1865 - Bentonville

    9 April 1865- Regiment surrendered at Salisbury, about 165 rank and file of the original 1100 men with which the 20th took the field. At the close of the war, the 20th was consolidated with the 30th Infantry Regiment at Smithfield.

ROSTERS:

    · Co. "A" (Perry County): Alfred S. Pickering (promoted); Leroy E. Davis
    · Co. "B" (Dallas and Bibb counties): James M. Dedman (wounded, Vicksburg; promoted); Thomas K. Ferguson
    · Co. "C" (Jefferson County): Mitchell Thomas Porter (promoted); George W. Ayres (KIA, Jonesboro); Andrew J. Tarrant
    · Co. "D" (Bibb County): Richard Hobson Pratt (captured, Port Gibson, and never exchanged); Lt. William F. Lowrey (transferred to Co. "H")
    · Co. "E" (Greene County): Robert E. Watkins (resigned, 2 Aug 62); John McKee Gould (detailed to Gen'l Pettus' staff); 1st Lt. James T. Smith
    · Co. "F" (Perry and Bibb counties): Lucius J. Lockett (resigned, 2 Aug 62) William H. Sheppard (resigned, 23 Dec 62); Chapman A. Spencer; Isaac W. Parish
    · Co. "G" (Shelby, Bibb, and Jefferson counties): John W. Davis (promoted); Rufus Monroe De Shazo (resigned, 29 April 1864); George S. Nave (wounded, Marietta; resigned, 18 Dec 64)
    · Co. "H" (Perry and Bibb counties): John P. Peterson (resigned, 18 Nov 61); Samuel W. Davidson
    · Co. "I" (Greene County): John G. Harris (promoted); Albert M. Avery (retired, 2 Nov 64); Noah H. Gewin
    · Co. "K" (Tuscaloosa County): Joseph C. Guild (resigned, 2 Aug 62); Benjamin D. Massingale

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

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