1st Regiment New Mexico Volunteer Infantry



This regiment was organized at Fort Union and Santa Fe, N.M., July 1 to August 13, 1861 and was mustered into U. S. service for three years.

The regiment formed a part of the force gathered at Fort Craig by Col. Canby to oppose the advance of Sibley's brigade of Texans, which had entered New Mexico by way of El Paso early in Jan., 1862. Under Col. Carson it rendered eflfective service at the battle of Valverde, losing 1 killed, 1 wounded, and 11 missing. Eight companies participated in the action, and in the latter part of the battle assisted in supporting Hall's battery on the right of the Union line. In a furious attempt of the enemy to capture the battery the ist poured in a well directed fire at short range which materially assisted in driving the enemy in confusion from that part of the field and the guns were saved. When at the close of the long and bloody engagement the order was given to retreat and recross the Rio Grande, the movement was executed in good order. The regiment, together with detachments of the 2nd and 4th, garrisoned Fort Craig until after the final defeat and retreat of Sibley's forces in April, 1862.

The officers and men not selected for retention in service were mustered out May 31, 1862. The remaining members were consolidated with the 2nd Infantry, and portions of the 4th and 5th Infantry to form the 1st New Mexico Cavalry.

Cols., Ceran St. Vrain, Christopher Carson; Lieut.-Col., J. Francisco Chaves; Maj., Arthur Morrison.



Duty at Fort Union till February 1862.
Action at Valverde , N.M., February 21.
Pursuit of Confederate forces April 13-22.
Duty in Central, Northern and Santa Fe Districts till May, 1862.


The composite roster of this regiment contains the names of 1280 men.



Dyer, Frederick H. - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion