The 1st Regiment, Virginia State Line was organized with ten companies in the latter part of 1862. Several members of this regiment were former members of the 36th Virginia Infantry. Lieutenant Colonel Henry M. Beckley and two captains of the 1st Virginia State Line had previously served in the 36th Virginia Infantry, as had Major James A. Nighbert. It was commanded for a short period by David Stuart Hounshell, according to the recollections of Noah B. Sutherland of the 2nd Virginia State Line.
According to the Ainsworth papers, this regiment consisted of infantry and cavalry companies. The 1st regiment was stationed at Glade Spring, Washington County, Virginia, in January 1863. At that time the cavalry companies had 373 men, and the infantry companies had 365 men. The National Archives Index contains only 9 names for the Infantry companies and 183 names for the Cavalry Companies. The names of 542 men who served in this unit have evidently been lost.
Richard Carlton Walker Radford, Colonel
Henry M. Beckley, Lieutenant Colonel
James A. Nighbert, Major
Blake Lynch Woodson, Captain and Acting Major
Louis Lechnert, AQM
John H. Etter, Adjutant.
Micajah Woods, Aide-de-Camp for the 1st Brigade
M. B. Langhorne, Adjutant for the 1st Brigade
G. M. Kent, 1st Lieutenant and Drill Instructor.
Assignments: Battles: Rosters:
The roster of this unit contains the names of 183 men.