|Organized||13 APR 1861|
|Number of men enrolled|
The following muster rolls of the company are available and from them the succeeding roster thereof has been compiled: May 31, 1861; June 4, 1861 (mustering in roll), at Orangeburgh; June 30, 1861, at Camp Walker, received at Adjutant General's office, Richmond, August 20, 1861; August 31, 1861, at Camp near Germantown; October 31, 1861, Camp near McLean's Ford; December 31, 1861, at Centreville, Va.,
The following "Record of Events" appears on the muster roll of August 31, 1861:
This Company a constituant part of the 5th Regt. of S. C.Vol and of the 3rd Brigade first corps Army of the Potomac after remaining in Camp Walker till the 17th of July to proceed to McLeans Ford on Bull Run to guard the ford and meet the advance of the enemy should they attempt to force a passage. After our arrival there the 5th Regt. was ordered to cross the Run and to proceed up Rockey Run one or two miles in the direction of Centerville where after pickets were posted we remained untill next morning, then returned to the Ford on the Run where we remained Bivouacked untill the 23rd. On Sunday the 21st we twice crossed the Run and on the crossing in the afternoon were ordered to advance on the enemies Battery about midway between Centerville & the Run. The 5th S C Regt. advanced steadily & firmly under a constant fire of the enemies Batteries and Musketry to within a few hundred yards of the Battery, when, the other Regts of the Brigade failing to participate in the undertaking & the other Brigades that were ordered to aid, we were ordered to withdraw by our Genl. not however until the enemy was retreating from the field.
On the 23rd we 5th Regt got orders to advance to Farifax Station to take charge of arms &c left in the retreat of the enemy, being relieved of this charge the morning of the 24th we marched back to Camp Pettus near Centerville & there remained untill the 12th Augt, on that day advanced to Camp near Germantown our present station, since we have been here we have marched twice to & once beyond Fairfax C. H. to meet the enemy, W. J. Bowen Capt.
The following "Record of Events" appears on the muster roll of October 31, 1861:
My Company with Regt remained encamped at Camp near Germantown from
the 31st augt to 4th October. Got orders to march and left camp about
9 oclock P M Septr 3rd, marched all night & got to the bank of the
Potomac at Great falls about 8 oclock A. M. Sept. 4th. my Company was
stationed to support 3 peices Washington Artillery, which cannonaded a
Camp of the Federalists on the opposite bank river ofr 40 or 50 minutes,
the enemy dispersing & not making any resistance, our Artillery ceased
firing, we were then ordered to return to our encampment which we did
the same evening, after marching some 43 miles there and back. Septr 21st
ordered on picked duty at Uptons Hill, remained untill the night of the
28th. My Compy detailed & sent to guard the baggage of the Regt. & that
of the Washington Artillery, marched all night, through by Annandale
to Fairfax C. H. arrived at our camp from Uptons Hill a distance of 15
or 16 miles. Moved our Encampment to near Fairfax C. H. Oct. 4th. The
12th ordered out on picket near Mills, Crossroads, returned to camp
Ford arrived there the night of the 16th. 22nd ordered to Leesburg to
sustain Genl Evans, arrived at Genas Creek 6 miles from Leesburg by
Midnight. Bivouacked at different stations on Creek untill the morning
of the 26th, when we were ordered to Leesburg. Bivouacked in Subbubs
of the Town of the Town untill the morning of the 28th, when we were
ordered and returned to our Camp that evening after marching some 25 miles
W. J. Bowen Captain
The following "Record of Events" appears on the muster roll of December 31, 1861:
My Company changed its station from McLeans Ford Bull Run Novr 11th,
1861, to Camp at Centerville, made no other change or marches except
going out twice on on picket duty near Germantown.
W. J. Bowen Capt.
REF: South Carolina Troops in Confederate
Service, Vol. III pgs. 216-229.
Salley, A. S. The State Co., Columbia, SC 1930